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Changes in vagal reactivity to the sympathicotonia during the progression of heart failure: From self-suppression to counteraction


Miličević, Goran; Udiljak, Nikola; Miličević, Tena
Changes in vagal reactivity to the sympathicotonia during the progression of heart failure: From self-suppression to counteraction // Medical hypotheses, 81 (2013), 2; 254-267 doi:10.1016/j.mehy.2013.04.033 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Changes in vagal reactivity to the sympathicotonia during the progression of heart failure: From self-suppression to counteraction

Autori
Miličević, Goran ; Udiljak, Nikola ; Miličević, Tena

Izvornik
Medical hypotheses (0306-9877) 81 (2013), 2; 254-267

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Autonomic nervous system; heart failure

Sažetak
Activities of both autonomic nervous system divisions, sympathetic and parasympathetic, are dual – continuous, tonic and changing, modulating. Tonic activity domination accompanies stationary (patho)physiological conditions, while modulating activity occurs with the change of stimuli. The intensity of the two activities is inversely proportional. In patients with heart failure, spectral analysis of heart rate variability displays reduced sympathetic modulation activity during illness, as a logical consequence of an increased sympathetic tone. On the other hand, vagal modulation activity slightly decreases or does not change at the very early stage of disease, soon afterwards it increases, and after a certain period of time, with the progression of the disease, vagal modulation decreases, and finally disappears. These changes reveal sequential response of vagal tone to the progression of heart failure and consequent sympathicotonia ; slight initial oscillation or unresponsiveness, soon followed by self-suppression, and then, in an advanced heart failure, by counteraction to the sympathicotonia. This model of polyphasic reaction of vagal system, dependent on the stage of heart failure, challenges traditional concept of sympathovagal interaction. By this hypothesis, the self-suppression of vagal tone occurs in order to enable full sympathetic activation of compensatory mechanisms which aim to correct hemodynamic deterioration. Once the sympathicotonia becomes inefficient and even harmful, counter-regulatory increase in vagal tone develops, in order to decrease oxygen consumption and preserve or possibly enhance residual systolic and diastolic cardiac function. Decreased vagal tonic activity is probably mediated centrally. Later increase of vagal tone is probably triggered by an increased concentration of natriuretic peptides. The existence of predominantly adrenergic IL, Ca and predominantly cholinergic IK, Ach currents and of a common If current in sinoatrial nodal cells enables such dual – synergistic and antagonistic – sympatho-vagal relationship. In conclusion, a complex, polyphasic vagal reaction to the sympathicotonia and heart failure progression is suggested by the hypothesis. Clinical and experimental studies based on this hypothesis will probably allow better insight into autonomic functions.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biologija, Temeljne medicinske znanosti, Kliničke medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
219-0000000-3344 - Spektralna analiza varijabilnosti srčanog ritma u procjeni autonomnog disbalansa (Goran Miličević, )

Ustanove
Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet, Zagreb,
Klinička bolnica "Sveti Duh",
Medicinski fakultet, Osijek

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


Uključenost u ostale bibliografske baze podataka:


  • BIOSIS Previews (Biological Abstracts)
  • CA Search (Chemical Abstracts)
  • EMBASE (Excerpta Medica)
  • MEDLINE
  • ADONIS
  • Medical Documentation Service
  • Reference Update
  • Research Alert
  • SciSearch UMI (Microfilm)


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