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Quantum random number generators and their applications in cryptography


Stipčević, Mario
Quantum random number generators and their applications in cryptography // Proc. SPIE Defense, Security, and Sensing
Baltimore: SPIE, 2012. str. 1-1 doi:10.1117/12.919920 (pozvano predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni)


Naslov
Quantum random number generators and their applications in cryptography

Autori
Stipčević, Mario

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u zbornicima skupova, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni

Izvornik
Proc. SPIE Defense, Security, and Sensing / - Baltimore : SPIE, 2012, 1-1

Skup
SPIE Defense, Security, and Sensing

Mjesto i datum
Baltimore, USA, 23.-27.04. 2012

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Pozvano predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Random numbers ; cryptography ; quantum cryptography

Sažetak
Random number generators (RNG) are an important resource in many areas: cryptography (both quantum and classical), probabilistic computation (Monte Carlo methods), numerical simulations, industrial testing and labeling, hazard games, scientific research etc. Because today's computers are deterministic, they can not create random numbers unless complemented with a physical RNG. Randomness of a RNG can be defined and scientifically characterized and measured. Especially valuable is the information-theoretic provable RNG which, at state of the art, seem to be possible only by harvest of randomness inherent to certain (simple) quantum systems and such a generator we call Quantum RNG (QRNG). On the other hand, current industry standards dictate use of RNGs based on free running oscillators (FRO) whose randomness is derived from electronics noise present in logic circuits and which, although quantum in nature, cannot be strictly proven. This approach is currently used in FPGA and ASIC chips. We compare weak and strong aspects of the two approaches for use in cryptography and in general. We also give an alternative definition of randomness, discuss usage of single photon detectors in realization of QRNGs and give several examples where QRNG can significantly improve security of a cryptographic system.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Fizika



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
098-0352851-2873 - Eksperimentalne tehnike kvantne komunikacije i kvantne informacije (Mario Stipčević, )

Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Mario Stipčević, (180974)

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