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Aerosol water soluble organic matter: Characterization of surface active substances by electrochemical method


Kozarac, Zlatica; Ćosović, Božena; Frka, Sanja; Dautović, Jelena; Kiss, Gyula; Hoffer, Andras
Aerosol water soluble organic matter: Characterization of surface active substances by electrochemical method // European Aerosol Conference Handbook / European Aerosol Assembly (ur.).
Granada, 2012. str. 1-1 (poster, nije recenziran, neobjavljeni rad, ostalo)


Naslov
Aerosol water soluble organic matter: Characterization of surface active substances by electrochemical method

Autori
Kozarac, Zlatica ; Ćosović, Božena ; Frka, Sanja ; Dautović, Jelena ; Kiss, Gyula ; Hoffer, Andras

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, neobjavljeni rad, ostalo

Izvornik
European Aerosol Conference Handbook / European Aerosol Assembly - Granada, 2012, 1-1

Skup
EAC2012

Mjesto i datum
Granada, Španjolska, 02.-07.09.2012

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Nije recenziran

Ključne riječi
Aerosol ; water soluble organic matter ; surface active substances ; electrochemical method

Sažetak
The composition of the organic part of the atmospheric aerosol and the respective source contributions are far less known than those of the inorganic part. Significant proportion (30-80%) of the organic carbon is water-soluble (WSOC) and made up of polymer-type substances of higher molecular weight. Surface active substances (SAS) are the most reactive part of organic matter in natural environmental systems which accumulate at the interfaces and are present in aerosols and atmospheric precipitations. They form the surface film at the rain drop/air interface in which persistent organic pollutants accumulate, making long distance transmission possible. Surface active organic constituents can influence the surface tension of nucleating cloud droplets and thereby modify the critical supersaturation necessary to activate aerosol particles. The electrochemical methods offer an elegant way of SAS qualitative and quantitative characterization based on the measuring of electrode double layer capacity changes at mercury electrode surface. The method is applicable for the analysis of SAS in different aquatic systems, both freshwater and marine, which is very convenient for comparative studies. Aerosol samples (PM 2.5) were daily collected at Middle Adriatic station influenced by marine, regional and continental air masses inputs as well as from urban (Zagreb, Croatia) and rural (Kpuszta, Hungary) areas during late springearly autumn period and SAS were analysed by the electrochemical method. The highest SAS concentrations, expressed in equivalents of Triton-X-100, ranging from 0.34-0.91μg m-3 (mean 0.55± 0.21μg m-3, n=10) were detected in urban samples. The surfactant activities of marine, regional and continental samples were in the narrow ranges from 0.14-0.31μg m-3( mean 0.25±0.06μg m-3, n=10), 0.18-0.42μg m-3 ( mean 0.27±0.07 μg m-3, n=18) and 0.07-0.28μg m-3 (mean 0.17±0.075 μg m-3, n=10), respectively. The SAS concentrations in K-puszta aerosol samples ranged from 0.13-0.46 μg m-3 ( mean 0.29±0.11 μg m-3, n=6). Investigation of isolated humic-like substances (HULIS) confirmed that HULIS material exhibit strong surface activity. On the basis of the normalized surface activity we recommend that the surface activity of non-urban samples can be modeled by C9 fatty acid. This work was funded by the bilateral Croatian –Hungarian research project “Complex investigation of organic aerosols in rural, urban and marine environment“ and by the grant from the Croatian Ministry of Science, Education and Sports project “Nature of organic matter, interaction with traces and surfaces in environment” (098-0982934-2717).

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Geologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
098-0982934-2717 - Priroda organske tvari, interakcije s mikrokonstituentima i površinama u okolišu (Irena Ciglenečki-Jušić, )

Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Profili:

Avatar Url Jelena Dautović (autor)

Avatar Url Zlatica Kozarac (autor)

Avatar Url Božena Ćosović (autor)

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Kozarac, Zlatica; Ćosović, Božena; Frka, Sanja; Dautović, Jelena; Kiss, Gyula; Hoffer, Andras
Aerosol water soluble organic matter: Characterization of surface active substances by electrochemical method // European Aerosol Conference Handbook / European Aerosol Assembly (ur.).
Granada, 2012. str. 1-1 (poster, nije recenziran, neobjavljeni rad, ostalo)
Kozarac, Z., Ćosović, B., Frka, S., Dautović, J., Kiss, G. & Hoffer, A. (2012) Aerosol water soluble organic matter: Characterization of surface active substances by electrochemical method. U: European Aerosol Assembly (ur.)European Aerosol Conference Handbook.
@article{article, year = {2012}, pages = {1-1}, keywords = {Aerosol, water soluble organic matter, surface active substances, electrochemical method}, title = {Aerosol water soluble organic matter: Characterization of surface active substances by electrochemical method}, keyword = {Aerosol, water soluble organic matter, surface active substances, electrochemical method}, publisherplace = {Granada, \v{S}panjolska} }