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Radioaktivnost mahovine – odgovor na kontaminaciju iz Fukushime


Marović, Gordana; Franić; Zdenko; Avdić, Mak; Skoko, Božena; Senčar, Jasminka
Radioaktivnost mahovine – odgovor na kontaminaciju iz Fukushime // Zbornik radova IX. simpozija Hrvatskog društva za zaštitu od zračenja / Knežević, Željka ; Majer, Marija ; Krajcar Bronić, Ines (ur.).
Zagreb: HDZZ - CRPA, 2013. str. 462-467 (poster, domaća recenzija, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni)


Naslov
Radioaktivnost mahovine – odgovor na kontaminaciju iz Fukushime
(Radioactivity in mosses – contamination after Fukushima)

Autori
Marović, Gordana ; Franić ; Zdenko ; Avdić, Mak ; Skoko, Božena ; Senčar, Jasminka

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u zbornicima skupova, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni

Izvornik
Zbornik radova IX. simpozija Hrvatskog društva za zaštitu od zračenja / Knežević, Željka ; Majer, Marija ; Krajcar Bronić, Ines - Zagreb : HDZZ - CRPA, 2013, 462-467

ISBN
978-953-96133-8-7

Skup
IX. simpozij Hrvatskog društva za zaštitu od zračenja s međunarodnim sudjelovanjem

Mjesto i datum
Krk, Hrvatska, 10-12.04.2013

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Domaća recenzija

Ključne riječi
Mahovina; bioindikatori; radiocezij; radioaktivna konataminacija
(Moss; bioindicators; radiocaesium; radioactive contamination)

Sažetak
Mosses, characterized by slow growth, are able to efficiently accumulate different radionuclides from their environment to a much higher degree than other vegetation. Consequently, mosses are sensitive bioindicators of radioactive contamination for various ecosystems. On 11th March 2011 a catastrophic earthquake and subsequent tsunami set into motion a series of tragic events in Japan including the severe accident at Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant. Radioactivity released into the air became involved into atmospheric processes and the transport of matter in the biosphere, causing global contamination. Determination of radioactivity in mosses by high resolution gammaspectrometry showed the presence of radiocaesium, Cs and especially 134Cs, for a first time after Chernobyl accident. Systematic, longterm measurements of 137Cs activities in mosses for the period after Chernobyl are the base for fitting the measured values in moss to the theoretical curve (Eq.1). The ecological half-life of 137Cs in moss was found to be about 978 days [1, 2]. Figure 1 shows increasing Cs activity concentration with maximum value 1720 ± 1 Bqkg-1 in October 2011. In Table 1 are presented results of 134Cs activity concentration in mosses that ranged from 0.084 up to 0.904 Bqkg-1. The 134Cs:137Cs activity ratio ranged from 0.0018 to 0.0576. At the end of 2012 the 134Cs activity could not be measured any more. The study was conducted in the Radiation Protection Unit of the Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health in Zagreb, as a part of an extensive monitoring program of the Croatian environment.

Izvorni jezik
Hrvatski

Znanstvena područja
Javno zdravstvo i zdravstvena zaštita



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
022-0222882-2335 - RADIOAKTIVNOST OKOLIŠA I ZAŠTITA OD ZRAČENJA (Gordana Marović, )

Ustanove
Institut za medicinska istraživanja i medicinu rada, Zagreb