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Sex determination by discriminant function analysis of the tibia for contemporary Croats


Šlaus, Mario; Bedić, Željka; Strinović, Davor; Petrovečki, Vedrana
Sex determination by discriminant function analysis of the tibia for contemporary Croats // Forensic science international, 226 (2013), 1; 302e-1 doi:10.1016/j.forsciint.2013.01.025 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Sex determination by discriminant function analysis of the tibia for contemporary Croats

Autori
Šlaus, Mario ; Bedić, Željka ; Strinović, Davor ; Petrovečki, Vedrana

Izvornik
Forensic science international (0379-0738) 226 (2013), 1; 302e-1

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Forensic anthropology population data; Discriminant function analysis; Tibia; Sex determination; Positive identification; Croatia

Sažetak
Previous studies have demonstrated that populations differ from each other in size and proportion, and that these differences can affect metric assessment of sex. This paper establishes standards for determining sex from fragmentary and complete tibiae in the modern Croatian population. Measurements were taken on 180 tibiae (109 male and 71 female) from positively identified victims of the 1991–1995 War in Croatia. Six standard dimensions: length of the tibia (CML), maximum epiphyseal breadth of the proximal tibia (MPEB), maximum epiphyseal breadth of the distal tibia (MDEB), maximum diameter of the tibia at the nutrient foramen (MDNF), transverse diameter of the tibia at the nutrient foramen (TDNF), and circumference of the tibia at the nutrient foramen (CNF), were taken and subjected to different discriminant function analyses. The highest level of accuracy (91.1%) in the analyzed data set was achieved employing the variables: maximum epiphyseal breadth of the proximal tibia, maximum epiphyseal breadth of the distal tibia, maximum diameter of the tibia at the nutrient foramen, transverse diameter of the tibia at the nutrient foramen, and circumference of the tibia at the nutrient foramen. The second highest level of accuracy (90.6%) was achieved using a combination of only three variables: maximum epiphyseal breadth of the proximal tibia, maximum diameter of the tibia at the nutrient foramen, and circumference of the tibia at the nutrient foramen. The lowest accuracy (84.4%) was obtained when only one variable (maximum diameter of the tibia at the nutrient foramen) was employed. The results of this study show that the modern Croatian tibia is a good skeletal component for determining sex. Standardized coefficients of the discriminant functions generated in this study support the results of previous studies that found that breadth dimensions provide better separation of the sexes than length.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kliničke medicinske znanosti, Arheologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
101-1970677-0670 - Bioarheološka istraživanja srednjovjekovnih populacija Hrvatske (Mario Šlaus, )
108-0000000-0030 - Forenzička i antropološka obilježja stradalih u Domovinskom ratu (Davor Strinović, )

Ustanove
Hrvatska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti,
Medicinski fakultet, Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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