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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 620157

Biological control of chestnut blight: interaction of the pathogen-Cryphonectria parasitica with biocontrol agent-hypovirus and chestnut genotype


Ćurković-Perica, Mirna; Krstin, Ljiljana; Poljak, Igor; Liber, Zlatko; Idzojtic, Marilena; Zebec, Marko; Jezic, Marin
Biological control of chestnut blight: interaction of the pathogen-Cryphonectria parasitica with biocontrol agent-hypovirus and chestnut genotype // Plant Diseases and Resistance Mechanisms Programme and Abstracts
Vienna: VIPCA, 2013. str. 30-30 (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Biological control of chestnut blight: interaction of the pathogen-Cryphonectria parasitica with biocontrol agent-hypovirus and chestnut genotype

Autori
Ćurković-Perica, Mirna ; Krstin, Ljiljana ; Poljak, Igor ; Liber, Zlatko ; Idzojtic, Marilena ; Zebec, Marko ; Jezic, Marin

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Plant Diseases and Resistance Mechanisms Programme and Abstracts / - Vienna : VIPCA, 2013, 30-30

Skup
Plant Diseases and Resistance Mechanisms

Mjesto i datum
Beč, Austrija, 19-22.2.2013

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Cryphonectria hypovirus 1; fungus; population biology; recovery; susceptibility

Sažetak
Chestnut blight, a disease of chestnuts, is caused by an aggressive fungus, Cryphonectria parasitica which was introduced from Asia to Europe. The pathogen has been a problem in Europe for decades, substantially reducing the number and yield of the trees. However, virulent strains of the fungus can be converted to hypovirulent ones by transmission of naturally occurring Cryphonectria hypovirus 1 (CHV1). The presence of this dsRNA virus reduces fungal virulence and the capacity to reproduce via spores. As a consequence of hypovirulence, infected trees usually recover or show much weaker symptoms of infection. A relatively high frequency of hypovirulent strains of the fungus and, consequently, recovered trees have been observed in naturally-growing Croatian chestnut populations. However, „Lovran marrons“, a special breed of chestnuts primarily grown for the production of large quality fruits, obtained through selection and propagated by grafting, do not seem to recover. A substantially higher incidence of active, expanding cankers was observed on marrons than on naturally-growing trees, although similar prevalence of C. parasitica vegetative compatibility types and similar prevalence of associated CHV-1 were detected on naturally-growing and marron trees. Therefore, the lack of naturally-occurring hypovirulence or differences in fungal population are not the cause for different response of marrons to the chestnut blight. Ecological and physiological differences were ruled out since maroons and naturally-growing trees are growing in close proximity and are of similar age. It seems that the marron genotype is especially vulnerable and its ability to recover is limited even when CHV-1 is widely widespread in C. parasitica population.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biologija, Šumarstvo



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
068-0242108-2773 - Varijabilnost i očuvanje genofonda plemenitih listača u Hrvatskoj (Marilena Idžojtić, )
119-1191192-1215 - Biološka kontrola biljnih bolesti (Mirna Ćurković-Perica, )
119-1191193-1232 - Filogenija i genetska raznolikost endemičnih biljaka dinarsko-jadranskog krša (Zlatko Liber, )

Ustanove
Šumarski fakultet, Zagreb,
Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet, Zagreb