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A first confirmed case of Equine granulocytic anaplasmosis in Croatia


Selanec, Jelena; Beck, Relja; Brkljača Bottegaro, Nika; Mrljak, Vladimir
A first confirmed case of Equine granulocytic anaplasmosis in Croatia // Proceedings of XIX SIVE-FEEVA congress
Arrezzo, Italija, 2013. str. 456-456 (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, stručni)


Naslov
A first confirmed case of Equine granulocytic anaplasmosis in Croatia

Autori
Selanec, Jelena ; Beck, Relja ; Brkljača Bottegaro, Nika ; Mrljak, Vladimir

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, stručni

Izvornik
Proceedings of XIX SIVE-FEEVA congress / - Arrezzo, Italija, 2013, 456-456

Skup
XIX SIVE-FEEVA congress

Mjesto i datum
Arrezzo, Italija, 01.-03. 02. 2013

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Equine; granulocytic anaplasmoisis; Croatia

Sažetak
Introduction. In the last three decades Equine granulocytic anaplasmosis has been recognized in many European countries including Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, Switzerland, Sweden and UK. Equine granulocytic anaplasmosis is a vector borne disease caused by intracellular bacterium Anaplasma phagocytophilum, transmitted by ticks of genus Ixodes, in Europe mainly I. ricinus. The severity of disease depends on the animals age and disease duration and varies from subclinical to severe cases. It is usually presented as one to 10 days duration of fever, partial anorexia, depression, ataxia, reluctance to move, limb edema, petechiae and jaundice. It is mostly a self limiting disease although any concurrent infection can be exacerbating. This case report is a first case of a confirmed Equine granulocytic anaplasmosis in Croatia. Description of the case. A 14 years old Croatian Warmblood mare was admitted at the Internal Diseases Clinic for inappetence, permanent fever above 40°C, reluctance to move and submandibular edema in duration of five days. The mare had a reccent multiple tick infestations and was treated by a local veterinarian with imidocarb diproprionate (2 mg/kg, i.m.) for 2 days and flunixin meglumine (1, 1 mg/kg i.v., b.i.d.) with no clinical improve ment. Physical examination at admission revealed depression, ataxia, pale mucous membranes and hind limb edema. A complete blood count showed mild anemia, trombocytopenia and leukopenia, with no blood parasites visual in the blood smear. A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) revealed the presence of Anaplasma phagocytophilum, confirmed by subsequent sequencing, while PCR for Babesia spp. gave negative results in the whole blood sample. The mare was treated with oxytetracycline (6, 6 mg/kg i.v. s.i.d., diluted in 1 l saline) for 7 consecutive days, kept in stall confinement. Two days following the treatment the mare showed no signs of depression, ataxia or fever and limb edema resoluted completely. A year after the mare had no signs of disease recurrence. Conclusions. Although veterinarians in Croatia are commonly confronted with equine tick borne diseases, they are mainly directed to the treatment of Babesiosis, following no specific diagnostic procedures. Equine granulocytic anaplasmosis is a newly recognised disease in Croatia and should be a major differential diagnosis to acknowledge, especially in the well known tick endemic areas.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Veterinarska medicina



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
053-0532266-2220 - Odgovor akutne faze i aktivnost plazmatskih sustava u babeziozi (Vladimir Mrljak, )

Ustanove
Veterinarski fakultet, Zagreb