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Integrated procedure for multiresidue analysis of dissolved and particulate drugs in municipal wastewater by liquid chromatography - tandem mass spectrometry


Senta, Ivan; Krizman, Ivona; Ahel, Marijan; Terzić, Senka
Integrated procedure for multiresidue analysis of dissolved and particulate drugs in municipal wastewater by liquid chromatography - tandem mass spectrometry // Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 405 (2013), 10; 3255-3268 doi:10.1007/s00216-013-6720-9 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Integrated procedure for multiresidue analysis of dissolved and particulate drugs in municipal wastewater by liquid chromatography - tandem mass spectrometry

Autori
Senta, Ivan ; Krizman, Ivona ; Ahel, Marijan ; Terzić, Senka

Izvornik
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry (1618-2642) 405 (2013), 10; 3255-3268

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Illicit drugs; wastewater; LC-MS-MS; dissolved drugs; particulate drugs; partitioning

Sažetak
For the first time, an integrated procedure for quantitative multiresidue analysis of dissolved and particulate illicit drug target residues (DTRs) was developed and validated in three different wastewater matrices. The procedure consists of a comprehensive sample enrichment, fractionation and cleanup followed by the determination of target analytes by triple- quadrupole liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS-MS) in both positive and negative ionisation polarities. The enrichment of illicit drugs from suspended solids and aqueous samples was performed using pressurised liquid extraction (PLE) and solid-phase extraction (SPE), respectively. The performance of different SPE cartridges was investigated in order to optimise the overall recovery and to reduce the matrix effects. The optimal results were obtained by combining mixed cation-exchange (Oasis MCX) cartridges for fractionated enrichment, weak-anion exchange for an additional extract cleanup and optimised chromatographic separation to minimise the impact from co-extracted interferences. The method was applied for the analysis of raw wastewater (RW), activated sludge (AS) and secondary effluent (SE) samples, collected at 4 different wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). The average contribution of the particulate drugs in the RW and AS was 1-28 % and 23-65 %, respectively. This suggested that the total mass loads of some drugs might be underestimated by neglecting the particulate fraction. Moreover, relatively high distribution coefficients, determined for 2-ethylidene-1, 5-dimethyl-3, 3- diphenylpyrrolidine (EDDP ; RW: 1211 L/kg) and 11- hydroxy-Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC-OH ; RW: 1786 L/kg) implied that the adsorption might play a significant role in their overall removal during wastewater treatment.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Geologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
098-0982934-2712 - Organski spojevi kao molekulski obilježivači antropogenog utjecaja na okoliš (Marijan Ahel, )

Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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