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Erythrocyte glutathione in subjects highly exposed to arsenic via drinking water


Ćavar, Suzana; Klapec, Tomislav; Čepelak, Ivana; Milić, Marija
Erythrocyte glutathione in subjects highly exposed to arsenic via drinking water // Abstracts of the 4th Croatian Congress of Toxicology (CROTOX 2012) u Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, Vol. 63, Supplement 2 / Želježić, Davor (ur.).
Zagreb: Institut za medicinska istraživanja i medicinu rada, 2012. (poster, domaća recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Erythrocyte glutathione in subjects highly exposed to arsenic via drinking water

Autori
Ćavar, Suzana ; Klapec, Tomislav ; Čepelak, Ivana ; Milić, Marija

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Abstracts of the 4th Croatian Congress of Toxicology (CROTOX 2012) u Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, Vol. 63, Supplement 2 / Želježić, Davor - Zagreb : Institut za medicinska istraživanja i medicinu rada, 2012

Skup
4th Croatian Congress of Toxicology (CROTOX 2012)

Mjesto i datum
Primošten, Hrvatska, 02-05.10.2012

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Domaća recenzija

Ključne riječi
Arsenic in water; glutathione level; vitamin supplementation

Sažetak
Glutathione is an important thiol-containing intracellular antioxidant with the fundamental role in redox homeostasis and detoxifi cation processes. Exposure of inhabitants to arsenic-contaminated drinking water has been a major concern at several localities in eastern Croatia. We investigated whether there was a relationship between glutathione in erythrocytes and arsenic exposure. Erythrocyte total glutathione concentration (GSH), was determined in 37 subjects exposed to high levels of arsenic from drinking water [mean arsenic concentration (611.9±10.1) μg L-1]. Twenty-fi ve control subjects were exposed to low arsenic concentration in drinking water (37.9 ± 4.8) μg L-1. Urinary arsenic concentration (814.40 μg L-1 vs. 27.64 μg L-1) and nails (10.68 μg L-1 vs. 0.31 μg L-1) were used as biomarkers of exposure. Decreased GSH levels [(2.94±1.15) μmol g-1 Hb] compared to control group [(5.14±1.06) μmol g-1 Hb] support the hypothesis of increased oxidative stress resulting from exposure to arsenic. A subsample of 20 exposed subjects took part in a 60-day supplementation trial with vitamin C (500 mg day-1) and E (200 mg day-1). GSH levels [(2.77±1.18) μmol g-1 Hb vs. (2.97±1.24) μmol g-1 Hb)] were not signifi cantly affected by antioxidant supplementation (p=0.56 ; only 6 subjects had higher GSH levels after trial). The results of this study indicated that high arsenic exposure signifi cantly lowered erythrocyte GSH levels and an ameliorating effect of antioxidant vitamins was not detected although further studies with larger sample size might be needed to confi rm this.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Javno zdravstvo i zdravstvena zaštita, Prehrambena tehnologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
113-1130473-0334 - Sinergističke smjese u antifungalnoj i antimikotoksigenoj zaštiti hrane (Tomislav Klapec, )

Ustanove
Farmaceutsko-biokemijski fakultet, Zagreb,
Prehrambeno-tehnološki fakultet, Osijek,
Klinički bolnički centar Osijek

Časopis indeksira:


  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE