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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 595653

Prevalence and molecular characterisation of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases amongst Escherichia coli isolates from coastal marine environment


Skočibušić, Mirjana; Maravić, Ana; Šamanić, Ivica; Puizina, Jasna; Jocić, Helena
Prevalence and molecular characterisation of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases amongst Escherichia coli isolates from coastal marine environment // 5th Croatian Congress of Microbiology with International Participation, Book of Abstracts / Černi, Silvija ; Šeruga Musić, Martina ; Škorić, Dijana (ur.).
Zagreb: Recedo d.o.o., 2012. str. 80-80 (poster, domaća recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


CROSBI ID: 595653 Za ispravke kontaktirajte CROSBI podršku putem web obrasca

Naslov
Prevalence and molecular characterisation of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases amongst Escherichia coli isolates from coastal marine environment

Autori
Skočibušić, Mirjana ; Maravić, Ana ; Šamanić, Ivica ; Puizina, Jasna ; Jocić, Helena

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
5th Croatian Congress of Microbiology with International Participation, Book of Abstracts / Černi, Silvija ; Šeruga Musić, Martina ; Škorić, Dijana - Zagreb : Recedo d.o.o., 2012, 80-80

ISBN
978-953-778-05-7

Skup
5th Croatian Congress of Microbiology with International Participation

Mjesto i datum
Primošten, Hrvatska, 26-30. 09. 2012

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Domaća recenzija

Ključne riječi
Escherichia coli; antibiotic resistance; resistance gene; ESBL; coastal water

Sažetak
The emergence of antibiotic resistant bacteria in the marine environment is a growing concern, but data about the abundance and diversity of antibiotic resistant bacteria and resistance genes encoding extended-spectrum beta- lactamases (ESBLs) in coastal marine waters is limited. This study was performed to investigate the patterns of antibiotic resistance and molecular diversity genes encoding ESBLs among antibiotic resistant Escherichia coli strains. Total of 258 E. coli isolates were recovered from 34 samples collected between February and July 2009 from the three coastal sites in the Kaštela Bay (Adriatic Sea, Croatia). The susceptibility pattern of the isolates was determinated by disk diffusion method and double-disk synergy tests for the production of ESBLs. The genes responsible for the ESBL phenotype (blaTEM, blaSHV, blaCTX-M) were screened by individual PCR. The ability to transfer antimicrobial resistance determinants was tested by broth mating experiments. The isolates from the Kaštela Bay showed high resistance to ampicillin (87%), tetracycline (56%), trimethoprim- sulfamethoxazole (39%), ticarcillin (33%), and gentamicin (31%). Resistance was also observed to nalidixic acid, cefotaxime, ciprofloxacin and ceftazidime. Approximately 54% of the E. coli isolates showed multidrug resistance (MDR) phenotypes. The MDR index ranged from 0.38 to 0.45 in the samples collected from the three coastal sites. Sequencing of selected amplicons revealed the presence of ESBL genes have found in 32/258 (12%) of E. coli isolates. Most of the ESBL producing isolates carried the CTX-M genotype, in which the CTX-M-1 group genes were dominant 78.12% (25/32).Interestingly, 25 CTX-M and 7 SHV-12 ESBL producing isolates were found express TEM-1 broad- spectrum β-lactamases.High clonal diversity was found amongst ESBL- producing E. coli isolates by random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis. This is the first report of the occurrence of ESBL- producing E. coli in the coastal waters of the Kaštela Bay that have acquired the CTX-M-1 group genes and could function as a mediator for gene flow between marine coastal areas and clinical settings.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekti:
177-0000000-3182 - Indikatori fekalnog onečišćenja i moguće patogene bakterije u obalnom moru (Skočibušić, Mirjana, MZOS ) ( POIROT)
177-1191196-0829 - Mehanizmi očuvanja stabilnosti genoma u viših biljaka (Puizina, Jasna, MZOS ) ( POIROT)

Ustanove:
Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet, Split


Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Skočibušić, Mirjana; Maravić, Ana; Šamanić, Ivica; Puizina, Jasna; Jocić, Helena
Prevalence and molecular characterisation of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases amongst Escherichia coli isolates from coastal marine environment // 5th Croatian Congress of Microbiology with International Participation, Book of Abstracts / Černi, Silvija ; Šeruga Musić, Martina ; Škorić, Dijana (ur.).
Zagreb: Recedo d.o.o., 2012. str. 80-80 (poster, domaća recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)
Skočibušić, M., Maravić, A., Šamanić, I., Puizina, J. & Jocić, H. (2012) Prevalence and molecular characterisation of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases amongst Escherichia coli isolates from coastal marine environment. U: Černi, S., Šeruga Musić, M. & Škorić, D. (ur.)5th Croatian Congress of Microbiology with International Participation, Book of Abstracts.
@article{article, year = {2012}, pages = {80-80}, keywords = {Escherichia coli, antibiotic resistance, resistance gene, ESBL, coastal water}, isbn = {978-953-778-05-7}, title = {Prevalence and molecular characterisation of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases amongst Escherichia coli isolates from coastal marine environment}, keyword = {Escherichia coli, antibiotic resistance, resistance gene, ESBL, coastal water}, publisher = {Recedo d.o.o.}, publisherplace = {Primo\v{s}ten, Hrvatska} }
@article{article, year = {2012}, pages = {80-80}, keywords = {Escherichia coli, antibiotic resistance, resistance gene, ESBL, coastal water}, isbn = {978-953-778-05-7}, title = {Prevalence and molecular characterisation of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases amongst Escherichia coli isolates from coastal marine environment}, keyword = {Escherichia coli, antibiotic resistance, resistance gene, ESBL, coastal water}, publisher = {Recedo d.o.o.}, publisherplace = {Primo\v{s}ten, Hrvatska} }




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