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ICT activities for Air Quality Monitoring: An example of Network Stations of the City of Zagreb


Davila, Silvije; Bešlić, Ivan; Pečar-Ilić, Jadranka; Šega, Krešimir
ICT activities for Air Quality Monitoring: An example of Network Stations of the City of Zagreb // Sustainable Development and Risk Management / August 29 - 31, 2012 / Umweltbundesamt Dessau, Germany Shaker Verlag
Germany: Deutsche Nationalbibliothek, 2012. str. 111-118 (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni)


Naslov
ICT activities for Air Quality Monitoring: An example of Network Stations of the City of Zagreb

Autori
Davila, Silvije ; Bešlić, Ivan ; Pečar-Ilić, Jadranka ; Šega, Krešimir

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u zbornicima skupova, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni

Izvornik
Sustainable Development and Risk Management / August 29 - 31, 2012 / Umweltbundesamt Dessau, Germany Shaker Verlag / - Germany : Deutsche Nationalbibliothek, 2012, 111-118

ISBN
978-3-8440-1248-4

Skup
26th International Conference on Informatics for Environmental Protection

Mjesto i datum
Dessau, Njemačka, 29-31.8.2012

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
AQI; CAQI; air quality; geospatial; web technology

Sažetak
Air Protection Act (OG No. 130/11) sets up the objectives to protection and improvement air quality in the Republic of Croatia according to the requirements of CAFE directive. Air quality monitoring was started and preformed only on local level 50 years ago. Ministry of Environmental and Nature Protection is responsible today for air quality assessment in the entire state territory. Accordingly, Croatian government has established national air quality monitoring network 10 years ago. Air quality monitoring on national and local level has been adjusting according to the CAFE directive during last 7 years. New preliminary air quality assessment will be carried out in a period of next five years, especially at rural background monitoring stations. Revision of existing zones and agglomerations will be performed based on the results on this new assessment. Presently, air quality monitoring covers the measurement of the following pollutants: SO2, NOx, PM10, PM2.5, O3, CO, NH3, H2S, BTX, determination of heavy metals and PAH in PM10, as well as the meteorological parameters. Source apportionment (local and long range Tran’s boundary pollution) is carried out based on the measured data results. The Meteorological and Hydrological Service is responsible for air quality monitoring within the national network. Energy Research and Environmental Protection Institute (EKONERG) performs maintenance, calibration services and validation of the results. Croatian State National network consist of 11 automatic air quality monitoring stations in settlements and industrial zones and 12 new rural background monitoring stations. Local air quality monitoring networks with the long tradition of the basic pollutant monitoring are organized across the country's territory. The representative bodies of local and regional governments are responsible for carrying out the assessment of air pollution levels in local networks. Air quality data are delivered to Croatian Environment Agency (CEA) responsible for timely data collecting into Air Quality Information System (AQIS). AQIS makes an integral part of National Environmental Information System, which has been developed and maintained in line with SEIS principles and EU INSPIRE directive. Air quality monitoring in the City of Zagreb is performed at monitoring stations from two monitoring networks in order to cover the whole city area. Three automatic stations within national network are classified as traffic stations and six monitoring stations within local network are classified as traffic, industrial or urban background stations. The only automatic monitoring station within the local network is located at the Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health (IMROH) and classified as urban background station. IMROH is responsible for the local network of the City of Zagreb following the scientific experience and development in air pollution field and maintaining the continuity of monitoring. It has been accredited through EN 15025 for mass concentration determination of PM10 and PM2.5 particle fractions (EN 12341:1998 and EN 14907:2005), as well as for the determination of the following gases: ozone, nitrous oxide, sulphur dioxide and carbon monoxide (EN 14625:2005, EN 14211:2005, EN 14212:2005 and EN 14626:2005, respectively). Since 2010, the specialized information system for presentation of air pollution information has been developing at the IMROH according to the EU and national air quality and information exchange legislation. At this point, two important functionalities are enabled in order to fulfil IMROH roles at the both national and local level. The application IMI DEM Maker is developed independently to create Air Quality - DEM files, which entail setting up a file transfer to an information system for air quality of CEA. Web application for air quality monitoring from an automated station within local network (i.e. http://kvaliteta-zraka.imi.hr) is a part of Institute’s Web site available to different groups of users and citizens of Zagreb. Our main goal is to develop more comprehensive geo-portal and add the functionalities such as creation of an archive of pollutant concentrations for each monitored pollutant by days, introduce the air quality indicators and an air quality prediction model in combination with raster images of Zagreb. In this paper, we will present the most significant research and development activities concerning air quality assessment that is carried out by IMORH according to the “Program to protect and improve air quality in the City of Zagreb”. An important objective is to enable the citizen’s right to be accurately informed on status of the ambient air quality at the location they live and work, in understandable way for everybody. Presently, the air quality information in the Republic of Croatia (as well as in the City of Zagreb) consists of raw monitoring data or corresponding categories of air quality for the past year, only, which is more suitable for air quality experts rather than general public. We will present too, a proposal for near real-time presentation of air quality information for the City of Zagreb, using geospatial and web technology. Presently, data are available only from four automated monitoring stations, but activities are carried out towards automated stations within local city network. Our proposal is based on the best practice guidelines and the methodology set up by the CITEAIR project (co- funded by first by INTERREG IIIC then INTERREG IVc). For the first time, information on air quality in the City of Zagreb is presented showing air quality indexes, easily understandable to the citizens. The model that we used to display the air quality index is CAQI model, which is the most common in the European Union and facilitates the international comparison of near real time air quality. We will explain the main aspects of the development process, present components of the system and show data flows. Example of interactive map with monitoring stations and corresponding hourly values of air quality indexes for the City of Zagreb will be presented.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Računarstvo



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
022-0222882-2271 - Vremensko-prostorna razdioba i porijeklo lebdećih čestica u urbanim sredinama (Krešimir Šega, )
098-0982934-2723 - Informacijski sustavi o kakvoći okoliša i procjeni okolišnog rizika (Jadranka Pečar Ilić, )

Ustanove
Institut za medicinska istraživanja i medicinu rada, Zagreb,
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb