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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 591397

Population differentiation in the wild cherry (Prunus avium L.) in Bosnia and Herzegovina


BALLIAN, Dalibor; BOGUNIĆ, Faruk; ČAVARAVDIĆ, Azra; PEKEČ, Saša; FRANJIĆ Jozo
Population differentiation in the wild cherry (Prunus avium L.) in Bosnia and Herzegovina // PERIODICUM BIOLOGORUM, 114 (2012), 1; 43-54 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Population differentiation in the wild cherry (Prunus avium L.) in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Autori
BALLIAN, Dalibor ; BOGUNIĆ, Faruk ; ČAVARAVDIĆ, Azra ; PEKEČ, Saša ; FRANJIĆ Jozo

Izvornik
PERIODICUM BIOLOGORUM (0031-5362) 114 (2012), 1; 43-54

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Wild cherry; Prunus avium; morphology; differentiation; variability

Sažetak
The wild cherry (Prunus avium) has great and multiple importance. The fruits it produces are used for several purposes (as food for people, birds and other animals, as well as in phytotherapy). As many birds and mammals feed on the fruit of the wild cherry, it has the ability of dispersion over large areas in a very short time. It occurs from river deposits up to 1900 m/alt, while it is quite rare in the Submediterranean. Wild cherry grows as a solitary tree or in small groups, usually at the edge of the forest or within the forest in areas with more sunlight. The significance of the wild cherry is reflected in the high economic value of its wood, which makes it much demanded and popular, and thus endangered. The plant material was collected from 22 natural populations in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The fruit and leaves were collected from marginal or solitary trees, usually from the south-facing, outer sun-exposed parts of the tree crown. We measured the following fruit characteristics: fruit length (FL), fruit width (FW), fruit thickness (FT), seed length (SL), seed width (SW), seed thickness (ST), length of the stalk (LOS) and width of the stalk (WOS), and leaf characteristics: length of the petiole (LP), length of the leaf blade (LB), distance from the blade's base to the blade's widest part (BBW), width of the leaf blade (WB), insertion angle of the leaf venation (AV), number of leaf teeth on a 2-cm length (NT), blade width at 1 cm from the blade apex (WBA) and blade width at 1 cm from the blade's base (WBB). All statistical analysis of the data were made using the SPSS 15.0 package for Windows. The results obtained show the presence of a high level of intrapopulation, as well as interpopulation, morphological variability in the natural populations of the wild cherry which have been investigated. Analyses of population differentiation have not confirmed our expectations. Our results only indicate differentiation in the fruit size characteristics, but the indicators are very weak. The resulting high values of the regression coefficient in this research can serve to estimate the values of some features and characteristics without their measurement. The analyses of 16 morphological characteristics in 22 natural populations of the wild cherry in Bosnia and Herzegovina showed statistically significant differences between investigated populations. Differentiation in natural populations of the wild cherry was very low and identified only in fruit dimension characteristics.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Šumarstvo



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
068-0680722-0564 - Gospodarenje staništima zahvaćenim sukcesijom u nizinskom području Hrvatske (Jozo Franjić, )
068-0680722-0707 - Značaj sukcesije u očuvanju biološke raznolikosti Slavonskoga gorja (Ivica Samarđić, )

Ustanove
Šumarski fakultet, Zagreb

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Jozo Franjić, (179916)

Časopis indeksira:


  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus