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Impact of grout curtains on karst groundwater behaviour : an example from the Dinaric karst

Bonacci, Ognjen; Roje-Bonacci, Tanja
Impact of grout curtains on karst groundwater behaviour : an example from the Dinaric karst // Hydrological processes, 26 (2012), 18; 2765-2772 doi:10.1002/hyp.8359 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)

Impact of grout curtains on karst groundwater behaviour : an example from the Dinaric karst

Bonacci, Ognjen ; Roje-Bonacci, Tanja

Hydrological processes (0885-6087) 26 (2012), 18; 2765-2772

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Karst; groundwater; grout curtain; water temperature

Grout curtains are vertical grout walls installed in the ground. In karst terrains their construction is primarily connected with dams and reservoirs. Their main role is to increase watertightness and prevent progressive erosion, blocking possible seepage paths along karst fissures and conduits. In this paper changes in the behaviour of the groundwater level (GWL) and the water temperature in nine deep piezometers, which were caused by the construction of a grout curtain at the Đale Reservoir on the Cetina River (Croatia) were analysed. The total length of the grout curtain is 3, 966 m. It spreads 120 m below the dam. The most of analysed data is from the period after the dam had been built. Only few data and figures concern the comparison between pre and post dam periods. The hourly data of the GWL and the water temperature were analysed for the period between 1 Sep. 2008 at 02 h to 31 Dec. 2009 at 23 h (11, 687 hours total) in six deep piezometers (marked in the text and figures as 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6). For three piezometers (marked in the text and figures as A, B and C) some discontinuous measurements of the GWL and the water temperature were available for analysis. The construction of the grout curtain made strong, sudden and possibly dangerous changes to the characteristics of the aquifer and the circulation of groundwater in the local area. Special attention is paid to analyses of the behaviour of the hourly GWL data measured in the piezometers pairs (two neighbouring piezometers, one inside and the other outside of the grout curtain). During more than 80% of the analysed period the GWL was higher in the piezometer inside the grout curtain than the one outside of it. The intensity and range of the dynamics of GWL was higher in piezometer outside the grout curtain than the inside ones. After the construction of the grout curtain, the maximum measured hydrostatic pressure on some parts of the grout curtain was about 40 m. It changes quickly in both time and direction. The water temperature was found to be similar in all of the measured piezometers and it varies between 10.2 and 15.7 ºC with an average value of 12.7 ºC.

Izvorni jezik

Znanstvena područja


Projekt / tema
083-0831510-1511 - Proučavanje ekstremnih hidroloških situacija i vodnih rizika u kršu (Ognjen Bonacci, )
083-0831510-1515 - Geotehnički vid utjecaja krškog terena na povećanje troškova građenja (Tanja Roje-Bonacci, )

Fakultet građevinarstva, arhitekture i geodezije, Split

Časopis indeksira:

  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus