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Radiation dose reduction by using low dose CT protocol of thorax


Knežević, Željka; Popić Ramač, Jelena; Hebrang, Andrija; Vekić, Branko
Radiation dose reduction by using low dose CT protocol of thorax // Proceedings of the 7th International Workshop on Ionizing Radiation Monitoring / Takayoshi Yamamoto (ur.).
Oarai, Japan: Chiyoda Technol Corporation, 2012. str. 345-353 (pozvano predavanje, nije recenziran, pp prezentacija, znanstveni)


Naslov
Radiation dose reduction by using low dose CT protocol of thorax

Autori
Knežević, Željka ; Popić Ramač, Jelena ; Hebrang, Andrija ; Vekić, Branko

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, pp prezentacija, znanstveni

Izvornik
Proceedings of the 7th International Workshop on Ionizing Radiation Monitoring / Takayoshi Yamamoto - Oarai, Japan : Chiyoda Technol Corporation, 2012, 345-353

Skup
7th International Workshop on Ionizing Radiation Monitoring

Mjesto i datum
Oarai, Japan, 3-4.12.2011

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Pozvano predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Nije recenziran

Ključne riječi
CT-computerised tomography; low-dose protocol; ESD-entrance surface dose; thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLD); radiophotoluminescent dosimeters (RPL)

Sažetak
The use of computed tomography (CT) in medicine is today an essential tool for diagnosis, follow-up and intervention purposes. Nowadays CT makes up to 67% of radiation from medical sources or 10% of the total radiation dose. Therefore especially emphasizes is on the importance of reducing doses and the introduction of procedures with the lowest possible dose received by the patient. The so called low dose CT protocol was studied for the some chest diagnosis however it was not investigated for the patients with lymphoproliferative diseases. Lymphoproliferative diseases, including most lymphomas involve a large number of younger and middle age patients i.e. patients in the reproductive period of life. A CT exam of these patients is indispensable method for the diagnosis, and later for long life monitoring of the effectiveness of therapy. The aim of this work was to compare the patient doses during two different CT protocols of thorax in patients with this diagnosis. The entrance surface doses were measured and compared using standard CT protocol of thorax which implies 120 kV and 160 mA conditions and low dose CT protocol using 120 kV and 30 mA conditions while maintaining display quality. The study involved 60 patients. Each patient underwent two different CT thorax protocols during regular follow up of the disease. The doses were measured using LiF:Mg, Ti (TLD-100) thermoluminescent (TLD) and GD-352M radiophotoluminescent (RPL) dosimeters on the thyroid, eye lens, sternum and gonads. The results showed that low dose protocol yielded with the reduction of doses by the factor of 2-15 on the eye lens, 1.3-8.5 on the thyroid, 2.7-6.6 on sternum and 0.3-12 on gonads, respectively. The doses were significantly lower using low dose CT protocol while the image quality for lymph node presentation was satisfactory according to European criteria. Therefore the use of low dose CT protocol as a standard for patients with lymphoproliferative disorders is highly recommended.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Fizika, Kemija, Kliničke medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
098-0982904-2954 - Fizičko-kemijski učinci ionizirajućih zračenja u materijalima (Branka Mihaljević, )

Ustanove
Klinička bolnica "Merkur",
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb,
Zdravstveno veleučilište, Zagreb