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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 584273

Membrane lipids and neurodegeneration


Kalanj Bognar, Svjetlana
Membrane lipids and neurodegeneration // Book of Abstracts, FEBS 3+ Meeting, From molecules to life and back / Dumić, Jerka ; Kovarik, Zrinka ; Varljen, Jadranka (ur.).
Rijeka: Croatian Society of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2012. str. 107-107 (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Membrane lipids and neurodegeneration

Autori
Kalanj Bognar, Svjetlana

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Book of Abstracts, FEBS 3+ Meeting, From molecules to life and back / Dumić, Jerka ; Kovarik, Zrinka ; Varljen, Jadranka - Rijeka : Croatian Society of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2012, 107-107

ISBN
978-953-95551-4-4

Skup
FEBS 3+ Meeting, From molecules to life and back

Mjesto i datum
Opatija, Hrvatska, 13-16.06.2012.

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Membrane lipids; neurodegeneration

Sažetak
Precise control and regulation of brain lipids metabolism is required during complex processes of dynamic rebuilding and remodelling of neuronal membranes (neurite outgrowth, synaptogenesis, myelination). Also, it has been confirmed that lipid metabolism is altered in neurodegeneration and that changes in membrane properties and structural-functional integrity contribute to neurodegeneration process. The alterations of membrane physicochemical properties are not merely a consequence of primary pathology, but may be involved in early pathogenesis of the disease. It is of particular interest to investigate the intermolecular interactions within highly organized lipid microdomaines - lipid rafts - enriched in cholesterol, sphingolipids and specific protein molecules. Here we focus to gangliosides, membrane glycosphingolipids bearing sialic acid residues, which are attributed with diverse functions such as intercellular interactions, cell recognition, neurotransmission, and signal transduction. The highest concentration and variability of ganglioside structures are found in the human brain. Specific temporal and regional distribution of brain gangliosides has been reported. Moreover, gangliosides may serve as markers of neurodevelopmental stages, aging and neurodegeneration. Brain ganglioside content and composition as well as ganglioside metabolism are altered in Alzheimer’s disease. It appears that alterations of membrane ganglioside composition are involved in the early pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease through documented effects on amyloid precursor protein proteolytic processing and amyloid aggregation. Investigations of glycolipid metabolic alterations which accompany neurodegenerative disorders provide insight into pathogenetic mechanisms and enable recognition of diagnostic markers as well as molecular structures interfering with cascade of pathological events.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
108-1081870-1877 - Uloga membranskih lipida u moždanom razvitku, starenju i neurodegeneraciji (Svjetlana Kalanj-Bognar, )

Ustanove
Medicinski fakultet, Zagreb

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Svjetlana Kalanj-Bognar, (202561)