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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 583746

Chemical and radiological characterization of fly and bottom ash landfill of the former sulfate pulp factory Plaski and its surroundings


Oreščanin, Višnja; Kollar, Robert; Buben, Krešimir; Lovrenčić Mikelić, Ivanka; Kollar, Karlo; Kollar, Melkior; Medunić, Gordana
Chemical and radiological characterization of fly and bottom ash landfill of the former sulfate pulp factory Plaski and its surroundings // Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A : Toxic/Hazardous Substances and Environmental Engineering, 47 (2012), 11; 1592-1606 doi:10.1080/10934529.2012.680780 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Chemical and radiological characterization of fly and bottom ash landfill of the former sulfate pulp factory Plaski and its surroundings

Autori
Oreščanin, Višnja ; Kollar, Robert ; Buben, Krešimir ; Lovrenčić Mikelić, Ivanka ; Kollar, Karlo ; Kollar, Melkior ; Medunić, Gordana

Izvornik
Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A : Toxic/Hazardous Substances and Environmental Engineering (1093-4529) 47 (2012), 11; 1592-1606

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Fly and bottom ash landfill; Plaski; heavy metals; total effective dose rate; radionuclides

Sažetak
The subject of this study was chemical and radiological characterization of the fly and bottom ash, by-product of the combustion of coal used as an energy source in the former sulfate pulp factory in Plaski. The research involves determination of the concentration of macro, micro and trace elements and activities of the radionuclides in: (i) ash from different positions of the landfill ; (ii) soil samples in the zone of the influence of the landfill ; (iii) control soil samples and (iv) sediment sample from the river Dretulja. Besides, in situ measurement of an effective dose rate above ash/soil was also determined. In relation with the control soil the average increase of the concentrations of the elements Ca, Cd, Hg, Ni, Se, Sr, Th and U in the samples taken from the fly and bottom ash landfill as well as soil samples within the radius of 300mfromthe landfill was 38.3, 6.7, 9.9, 8.5, 9.4, 7.2, 3.6 and 5.7 times, respectively. In these samples, the concentrations of the above mentioned elements were in the following ranges: calcium from 7.94 to 19.7 % ; cadmium from 0.33 to 1.66 mg/kg ; mercury from0.18 to 0.49mg/kg ; nickel from260 to 1500 mg/kg ; selenium from 2.7 to 21mg/kg ; strontium from176 to 542 mg/kg ; thorium from 8 to 55 mg/kg and uranium from 5.6 to 19.7 mg/kg. Compared to the world’s average soil concentration, uranium and thorium values increased 3.7 and 1.7 times, respectively. The mean value of the total effective dose rate measured in the air at the height of 1 m for all samples of ash and soil under the influence of the landfill was 1.60 mSv/yr. Compared to the Croatian average (0.7015 mSv/yr), the determined mean value for the Plaski landfill is two times higher. However, compared to the local background (0.14 mSv/yr), the mean value of the total effective dose rate measured above the Plaski landfill is 11.4 times higher. In the samples of ash and contaminated soil regardless of the sampling location the activity concentrations of the radionuclides in Bq/kg vary in the following ranges: 226Ra from 82.10 to 314.90 (mean value 145.99), 232Th from 32.50 to 223.60 (mean value 76.76) and 238U from 69.10 to 243.20 (mean value 134.38). Compared to the mean values found in the background soil 226Ra and 238Umean activity concentrations increased from 1.6 to 6.4 times and 232Th from 1.4 to 4.3 times. In order to reduce total effective dose rate to the local “background” values and to prevent redistribution of the radionuclides and heavy metals from the deposited material into the environment fly and bottom ash landfill must be sealed with 10 cm thick layer of the material with low permeability.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Geologija, Kemija

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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