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Antioxidative response in pepper leaves to salt stress


Lisjak, Miroslav; Hancock, John T.; Wilson, Ian D.; Špoljarević, Marija; Teklić, Tihana
Antioxidative response in pepper leaves to salt stress // Zbornik radova 47. hrvatskog i 7. međunarodnog simpozija agronoma / Pospišil, Milan (ur.).
Zagreb: Agronomski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, 2012. str. 9-10 (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Antioxidative response in pepper leaves to salt stress

Autori
Lisjak, Miroslav ; Hancock, John T. ; Wilson, Ian D. ; Špoljarević, Marija ; Teklić, Tihana

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Zbornik radova 47. hrvatskog i 7. međunarodnog simpozija agronoma / Pospišil, Milan - Zagreb : Agronomski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, 2012, 9-10

ISBN
978-953-7878-01-6

Skup
47. hrvatski i 7. međunarodni simpozij agronoma

Mjesto i datum
Opatija, Hrvatska, 13-17.02.2012

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Salt stress; NaCl; pepper; antioxidative enzymes; lipid peroxidation

Sažetak
In greenhouse growing, plants are often exposed to unfavorable growth conditions due the salt stress. The aim of this research was to examine the influence of NaCl applied into the substrate on the physiological stress response parameters in leaf tissue of pepper cultivar "Quadrato d'Asti Rosso".All the examined stress parameters were significantly influenced by NaCl treatment. Guaiacol-peroxidase total activity and peroxide concentrations were increased proportionally with the intensity of the salt stress and the maximum values determined at 200 mM NaCl. Lipid peroxidation level, total catalase and glutathione-reductase activity increased up to 100 mM NaCl. Treatments with 100 mM NaCl and 200 mM NaCl did not show any statistically significant differences. The highest proline content was determined at 200 mM NaCl, while at 50 mM NaCl, proline content was significantly higher as compared to the control and 100 mM NaCl. Specific activity of catalase was significantly enhanced with 100 and 200 mM NaCl. The highest specific activity of the guaiacol-peroxidase was seen in the treatment with 200 mM NaCl, and significantly higher than the values measured at levels up to 100 mM NaCl. The specific activity of the glutathione-reductase increased significantly at 50 and 100 mM NaCl, with an unexpected decrease in activity at the highest level of stress. These results suggest that the short exposure of pepper plants to salt stress in the root zone, activates different physiological mechanisms of defense against oxidative stress in the leaf tissue.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Poljoprivreda (agronomija)



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
079-0730463-0447 - Prevladavanje stresa uzgoja kukuruza na kiselom tlu gnojidbom i oplemenjivanjem (Vlado Kovačević, )
079-0790494-0559 - Fiziološki mehanizmi otpornosti biljaka na abiotski stres (Tihana Teklić, )

Ustanove
Fakultet agrobiotehničkih znanosti Osijek