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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 579396

Flower sterility and the germination ability of pollen as genetic traits of seven olive (Olea europaea L.) cultivars grown in Croatia


Vuletin Selak, Gabriela; Perica, Slavko; Goreta Ban, Smiljana; Bućan, Lovre; Poljak, Milan
Flower sterility and the germination ability of pollen as genetic traits of seven olive (Olea europaea L.) cultivars grown in Croatia // Journal of horticultural science & biotechnology, 87 (2012), 3; 237-242 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Flower sterility and the germination ability of pollen as genetic traits of seven olive (Olea europaea L.) cultivars grown in Croatia

Autori
Vuletin Selak, Gabriela ; Perica, Slavko ; Goreta Ban, Smiljana ; Bućan, Lovre ; Poljak, Milan

Izvornik
Journal of horticultural science & biotechnology (1462-0316) 87 (2012), 3; 237-242

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Cultivar; floral gender; olive; pollen germination

Sažetak
To evaluate and use olive cultivars appropriately, studies on their reproductive biology are necessary. The proportion of staminate flowers and the success of pollen germination in olive (Olea europaea L.) were found to vary depending on cultivar, climatic conditions, and the area of cultivation. In this study, floral gender and pollen germination were analysed to assess the reproductive potential of seven olive cultivars in Croatia. The percentages of staminate flowers and pollen germination in the Croatian (‘Drobnica’, ‘Lastovka’, ‘Levantinka’, and ‘Oblica’) and in the Italian (‘Itrana’, ‘Leccino’, and ‘Pendolino’) olive cultivars were determined over six flowering seasons in three orchards. We observed variable numbers of flowers per inflorescence in the different cultivars. The proportion of staminate flowers ranged from 2.6% (‘Leccino’ in 2006) to 66% (‘Oblica’, 2009), and fluctuated with cultivar, year, and orchard. ‘Leccino’ and ‘Pendolino’ developed lower percentages of staminate flowers than ‘Lastovka’, ‘Levantinka’, and ‘Oblica’ in most experimental years. Higher fruit set was observed for cultivars with lower percentages of staminate flowers, indicating that the olive tree productivity depends on the number of fully developed flowers. We found significant differences in the extent of pollen germination between the various cultivars, orchards, and germination media used. Pollen germination varied from 2.1% (‘Lastovka’ in 2006) to 31.6% (‘Oblica’ in 2005). ‘Oblica’ and ‘Levantinka’ showed significantly higher percentages of pollen germination than ‘Leccino’ and ‘Pendolino’. There was no difference in the order of cultivars analysed according to their proportions of staminate flowers and success of pollen germination between the orchards at Mravince and Kastela. Our results suggest that the level of pistil abortion, and the success of pollen germination, are genetically determined and are most likely an evolutionary adaptation to redistribute available resources.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biologija, Poljoprivreda (agronomija)



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
091-0910468-0166 - Vrednovanje, zaštita i upotreba genetskih resursa masline (Slavko Perica, )
091-0910468-0281 - Abiotički i biotički čimbenici stresa u sustavima uzgoja povrća na kršu (Smiljana Goreta Ban, )

Ustanove
Institut za jadranske kulture i melioraciju krša, Split

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus