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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 574485

Electrophysiological differences in Sanguine, Choleric, Phlegmatic and Melancholic


Tatalović Vorkapić, Sanja
Electrophysiological differences in Sanguine, Choleric, Phlegmatic and Melancholic // The Romanian Journal for Psychology, Psychotherapy and Neuroscience, 1 (2011), 2; 67-96 (podatak o recenziji nije dostupan, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Electrophysiological differences in Sanguine, Choleric, Phlegmatic and Melancholic

Autori
Tatalović Vorkapić, Sanja

Izvornik
The Romanian Journal for Psychology, Psychotherapy and Neuroscience (2247-5052) 1 (2011), 2; 67-96

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Four Eysenck's temperament types; evoked potentials; students

Sažetak
The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between latencies and amplitudes of evoked potentials (N1, P2, N2, P3 & Sw) and four temperament types defined on the basis of Eysenck's E and N dimensions: phlegmatic (E-N-), choleric (E+N+), melancholic (E-N+) and sanguine (E+N-). It was expected that choleric would be characterized by least inhibition, the lower arousability or the lowest EP-amplitudes, melancholic by most inhibition, the greater arousability or the highest EP-amplitudes, and sanguine and phlegmatic by an intermediate degree of inhibition. Furthermore, phlegmatic and melancholic types should have the longer EP-latencies, due to lower degree of extraversion. A sample consisted of N=54 female psychology students, within the age range 19-23 years, all right-handers. Evoked potentials were measured by using the standard visual oddball paradigm in two trials. All participants have completed EPQ/R and afterwards were divided in the four groups according to the median on Extraversion and Neuroticism subscales. The analysis of EP amplitudes mostly showed the opposite pattern than expected: the lowest amplitudes were found in phlegmatic and the highest in choleric, with the sanguine and melancholic in between. The longest N2-latencies were determined in phlegmatic, and the longest P2- and Sw-latencies in melancholic, what was expected considering their low position on the E dimension. The electrophysiological differences among the four temperament types were clearly demonstrated, but the direction of their relationship has been discussed according to the mediate role of the attention and habituation effect variables.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski



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Autor s matičnim brojem:
Sanja Tatalović Vorkapić, (269694)

Uključenost u ostale bibliografske baze podataka:


  • DOAJ