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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 572092

Comparative analysis of the innovation capacity in the WBC with particular focus on joint cooperation needs


Švarc, J., Aralica, Z., Lažnjak, J., Perković, J., Račić, D., Bečić, E., Poljanec-Borić, S
Comparative analysis of the innovation capacity in the WBC with particular focus on joint cooperation needs, 2011. (izvješće).


Naslov
Comparative analysis of the innovation capacity in the WBC with particular focus on joint cooperation needs

Autori
Švarc, J., Aralica, Z., Lažnjak, J., Perković, J., Račić, D., Bečić, E., Poljanec-Borić, S

Izvornik
WBC-INCO.NET FP7 project

Vrsta, podvrsta
Ostale vrste radova, izvješće

Godina
2011

Ključne riječi
Western Balkan Countries; innovation systems; research needs; regional cooperation

Sažetak
This report presents an attempt to compare the innovation capacities of WBC based on multiple analytical approaches with a view to understand the possibility of closer regional innovation cooperation. The final aim is to carry out the background report for a common innovation strategy and initiatives for establishing the regional innovation system. The analyses reveal that WBC differs significantly in overall development and related innovation capacities (e.g. there is almost a six-fold difference in per-capita income between the richest and poorest country in the region) as well as in performance of the national innovation systems (NIS) and governance abilities to advance innovation competences. The comparative analysis of the main components of NIS (research sub-system, subsystem for research-driven and non-research driven innovation) distinguishes tentatively three groups of countries in terms of performance of innovation systems. Croatia and Serbia belong to first group which develops a complex innovation systems, yet not fully functional in all parts. Their role and activities will be crucial for the development of regional cooperation within the WB region. B&H and FYR Macedonia and Montenegro form the second group of countries which are lagging behind the leading countries. They are rather familiar with the development of some component of NIS (e.g. research systems) but they are beginners (or moderate) in other components especially those related to science-industry cooperation. The third group of countries are small and geographically isolated economies (Albania and Kosovo UN Res.1244) whose innovation systems are in the beginning phase (Albania) or infancy (Kosovo UN Res.1244). Despite differences, WBC share many similarities that provide a platform for mutual cooperation and possible development of the regional innovation system. One of the most substantial similarities is a nature of their competitive advantages which refers to non technological sectors and technology efforts that include absorption of foreign technologies and mastery of production capability. Science and research is a residual of their present economic models and not a vital element of development. It calls for policy measures and instruments for strengthening innovation capacities at national and regional level and productive use of research and education. Due to the different level of development of NIS in WBC the different measures and policy mix should be put in place. For example, in Kosovo UN Res.1244 important measures should be directed towards setting up the research system while in Serbia and Croatia the reforms of research system are needed in order to achieve scientific excellence and involvement of research sector in national economy. Comparative analysis of the innovation capacity in the WBC with particular focus on joint cooperation needs The survey-based studies on regional innovation needs reveals that entrepreneurs and researchers recognised two factors as the most important for fostering regional cooperation: • removing the state and local administrative burdens and procedures for regional cooperation ; • improvement of expert assistance and cooperation with universities ( enhancing the overall quality of science-industry cooperation in the region and strengthening the interest of both companies and universities for mutual cooperation). The remaining most important factors are common measures against corruption and regional subsidies and programme for innovation cooperation. Development of human resources and entrepreneurship infrastructure seems to be critical to enhance cooperation in the region in the future. Fostering science-industry cooperation addresses two policy measures: a) more funding for collaborative research between universities and businesses ; b) more funding for knowledge/technology transfer activities and expert consultations. The concrete joint actions to be taken for better regional innovation cooperation perceived by entrepreneurs include: • establishing of the regional venture capital fund ; • regional financing programme for innovation. In contrast, researchers perceived the following joint action: • mobility of personnel ; • legal framework for fostering direct foreign investments (FDI) ; • opening and liberalisation of service market (probably for R&D services). Despite the above differences, both parties recognised the lack of infrastructural projects for fostering regional innovation cooperation. It calls for identifying and creating infrastructural projects that are sufficiently large and capital intensive to involve several if not all countries in the region like ICT, transportations, energy resources, clean technologies, etc.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Sociologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
194-0000000-1539 - Društvena evaluacija hrvatskog inovacijskog sustava u funkciji društva znanja (Jadranka Švarc, )

Ustanove
Institut društvenih znanosti Ivo Pilar, Zagreb