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Constraining Cosmic Rays and Magnetic Fields in the Perseus Galaxy Cluster with TeV observations by the MAGIC telescopes


Aleksić, Jelena; ...; Dominis Prester, Dijana; ...; Ferenc, Daniel; ...; Godinović, Nikola; ...; Hrupec, Dario; ... et al.
Constraining Cosmic Rays and Magnetic Fields in the Perseus Galaxy Cluster with TeV observations by the MAGIC telescopes // Astronomy & Astrophysics, 541 (2012), A99-1 doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201118502 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Constraining Cosmic Rays and Magnetic Fields in the Perseus Galaxy Cluster with TeV observations by the MAGIC telescopes

Autori
Aleksić, Jelena ; ... ; Dominis Prester, Dijana ; ... ; Ferenc, Daniel ; ... ; Godinović, Nikola ; ... ; Hrupec, Dario ; ... ; Lelas, Damir ; ... ; Puljak, Ivica ; ... ; Surić, Tihomir ; ... ; Šnidarić, Iva ; ... ; Terzić, Tomislav ; ...

Izvornik
Astronomy & Astrophysics (0004-6361) 541 (2012); A99-1

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Gamma rays: galaxies: clusters; acceleration of particles; galaxies: clusters: individual: Perseus

Sažetak
Galaxy clusters are being assembled today in the most energetic phase of hierarchical structure formation which manifests itself in powerful shocks that contribute to a substantial energy density of cosmic rays (CRs). Hence, clusters are expected to be luminous gamma-ray emitters since they also act as energy reservoirs for additional CR sources, such as active galactic nuclei and supernova- driven galactic winds. To detect the gamma-ray emission from CR interactions with the ambient cluster gas, we conducted the deepest to date observational campaign targeting a galaxy cluster at very high-energy gamma-rays and observed the Perseus cluster with the MAGIC Cherenkov telescopes for a total of ~85 hr of effective observing time. This campaign resulted in the detection of the central radio galaxy NGC 1275 at energies E > 100 GeV with a very steep energy spectrum. Here, we restrict our analysis to energies E > 630 GeV and detect no significant gamma-ray excess. This constrains the average CR-to-thermal pressure ratio to be <= 1-2%, depending on assumptions and the model for CR emission. Comparing these gamma-ray upper limits to predictions from cosmological cluster simulations that include CRs constrains the maximum CR acceleration efficiency at structure formation shocks to be < 50%. Alternatively, this may argue for non- negligible CR transport processes such as CR streaming and diffusion into the outer cluster regions. Finally, we derive lower limits on the magnetic field distribution assuming that the Perseus radio mini-halo is generated by secondary electrons/positrons that are created in hadronic CR interactions: assuming a spectrum of E^-2.2 around TeV energies as implied by cluster simulations, we limit the central magnetic field to be > 4-9 microG, depending on the rate of decline of the magnetic field strength toward larger radii.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Fizika



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
098-0982931-2875 - Foton-atom međudjelovanje i korelacije (Tihomir Surić, )
HRZZ-02.01/12 - Astročestična fizika u Hrvatskoj - razvoj tehnološke baze i višeinstitucionalne suradnje kao preduvjeta za ravnopravno djelovanje u novim međunarodnim projektima (Daniel Ferenc, )

Ustanove
Fakultet elektrotehnike, strojarstva i brodogradnje, Split,
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb,
Sveučilište u Rijeci - Odjel za fiziku

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus


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