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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 570356

Obrada tla kao uzročnik erozije tla vodom


Kisić, Ivica; Bašić, Ferdo
Obrada tla kao uzročnik erozije tla vodom // Impact of tillage and fertilization on probable climate threats in Hungary and Croatia, soil vulnerability and protection / Birkas, Marta ; Mesić, Milan (ur.).
Godollo: Szent Istvan University Press, 2011. str. 89-100


Naslov
Obrada tla kao uzročnik erozije tla vodom
(Influence of tillage on soil erosion)

Autori
Kisić, Ivica ; Bašić, Ferdo

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Poglavlja u knjigama, znanstveni

Knjiga
Impact of tillage and fertilization on probable climate threats in Hungary and Croatia, soil vulnerability and protection

Urednik/ci
Birkas, Marta ; Mesić, Milan

Izdavač
Szent Istvan University Press

Grad
Godollo

Godina
2011

Raspon stranica
89-100

ISBN
978-963-269-268-5

Ključne riječi
Način i smjer obrade, erozija tla vodom, usjevi,
(Water erosion, Crops, Tillage, Runoff, Soil loss)

Sažetak
Our objectives were to quantify water erosion during the 15-year investigation cycle (1995-2010) on Stagnic Luvisols, in central Croatia, under common agricultural grown crops in six tillage treatments. The largest erosion in the 15-year period was recorded in the check treatment. Following treatment was the treatment that involves ploughing up and down the slope. Much smaller soil losses were recorded in no-tillage and treatments with ploughing across the slope. Much higher soil losses were recorded in the growing of spring row crops (maize and soybean) than in the growing of winter crops (winter wheat, spring barley and oil-seed rape). In the growing of spring row crops, soil losses were not evenly distributed, quite contrary. The period of seedbed preparation, or the period immediately after sowing spring crops (laste decade of April, May and first decade of June) is the most critical period with the highest risk of erosion. In the growing of period spring crops over 70% of the overall annual soil loss occurs in all tillage treatments. The period from May to mid-June is the riskiest period for water erosion in the agroecological conditions of central Croatia if low-density spring row crops (maize, soybean, potato, tobacco, sugar beet, sunflower) are grown in the field. The trend of increasing participation of low-density spring crops compared to high-density winter and fodder crops on the arable areas in the Republic of Croatia indicates that the problem of tillage erosion on sloping terrains will be increasingly present. During the winter crops growing (wheat, barley, oil-seed rape - crops of high density), no critical periods were observed and water erosion was insignificant. According to 15-years of investigation we are recommending reduced tillage and ploughing across the slope due to the all advantages and drawbacks of studied tillage methods in 15 years investigation for a wide application in growing crop on this soil type.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Poljoprivreda (agronomija)



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
178-0672345-2767 - Biljno-uzgojne mjere za poboljšanje kakvoće proizvoda iz ekološke poljoprivrede (Ivica Kisić, )
178-1780692-0694 - Konzervacijsko gospodarenje na tlima izloženim djelovanju erozije vodom (Ferdo Bašić, )

Ustanove
Agronomski fakultet, Zagreb

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Ivica Kisić, (174323)
Ferdo Bašić, (2432)