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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 557628

Immunosuppressive Treatment for Kidney Transplantation


Živčić-Ćosić, Stela; Trobonjača, Zlatko; Rački, Sanjin
Immunosuppressive Treatment for Kidney Transplantation // Contributions / Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Section of Biological and Medical Sciences and Arts, XXXII (2011), 2; 87-103 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


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Naslov
Immunosuppressive Treatment for Kidney Transplantation

Autori
Živčić-Ćosić, Stela ; Trobonjača, Zlatko ; Rački, Sanjin

Izvornik
Contributions / Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Section of Biological and Medical Sciences and Arts (0351-3254) XXXII (2011), 2; 87-103

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Immunosuppression; Rejection; Renal transplantation

Sažetak
Immunosuppressive treatment minimizes unwanted immune reactivity, but it also leads to complications such as metabolic disorders, cardiovascular diseases and malignant tumors. In this paper we summarize the recent developments in action mechanisms of available immunosuppressive drugs and their usage for renal transplantation. These drugs act at various levels of lymphocytic activation and proliferation, and they may have additive or synergic effects when combined. In the majority of patients, the immunosuppressive protocol includes a calcineurin inhibitor (tacrolimus or cyclosporin), an antimetabolite (mycophenolate mofetil or mycophenolic acid) and a corticosteroid. Most patients also receive induction with monoclonal or polyclonal antilymphocytic antibodies. These immunosuppressive drugs allow a one-year survival of renal allografts in over 90% of cases and an incidence of acute rejection episodes below 15%. In most cases, acute cell-mediated rejection can be reversed with pulse doses of methylprednisolone ; less often antilymphocytic antibodies must be applied. Acute humoral rejection can be suppressed with high doses of intravenous immunoglobulines or low doses of cytomegalovirus hyperimmune globuline, in combination with plasmapheresis, to obtain a satisfactory reduction of anti-donor antibodies. This treatment also allows renal transplantation for sensitized recipients, or transplantation against a positive cross match or AB0 incompatibility. Less often, immunoadsorption, alemtuzumab, rituximab or splenectomy are applied. New immunosuppressive drugs and protocols are currently under investigation. Immunosuppressive agents and methods targeting at the induction of immune tolerance to the donor organ are especially promising.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti, Kliničke medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekti:
062-0000000-3544 - Antigen predočne stanice u jetri miša tijekom citomegalovirusne infekcije (Trobonjača, Zlatko, MZOS ) ( POIROT)

Ustanove:
Medicinski fakultet, Rijeka,
Klinički bolnički centar Rijeka

Citiraj ovu publikaciju:

Živčić-Ćosić, Stela; Trobonjača, Zlatko; Rački, Sanjin
Immunosuppressive Treatment for Kidney Transplantation // Contributions / Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Section of Biological and Medical Sciences and Arts, XXXII (2011), 2; 87-103 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)
Živčić-Ćosić, S., Trobonjača, Z. & Rački, S. (2011) Immunosuppressive Treatment for Kidney Transplantation. Contributions / Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Section of Biological and Medical Sciences and Arts, XXXII (2), 87-103.
@article{article, author = {\v{Z}iv\v{c}i\'{c}-\'{C}osi\'{c}, Stela and Trobonja\v{c}a, Zlatko and Ra\v{c}ki, Sanjin}, year = {2011}, pages = {87-103}, keywords = {Immunosuppression, Rejection, Renal transplantation}, journal = {Contributions / Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Section of Biological and Medical Sciences and Arts}, volume = {XXXII}, number = {2}, issn = {0351-3254}, title = {Immunosuppressive Treatment for Kidney Transplantation}, keyword = {Immunosuppression, Rejection, Renal transplantation} }
@article{article, author = {\v{Z}iv\v{c}i\'{c}-\'{C}osi\'{c}, Stela and Trobonja\v{c}a, Zlatko and Ra\v{c}ki, Sanjin}, year = {2011}, pages = {87-103}, keywords = {Immunosuppression, Rejection, Renal transplantation}, journal = {Contributions / Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Section of Biological and Medical Sciences and Arts}, volume = {XXXII}, number = {2}, issn = {0351-3254}, title = {Immunosuppressive Treatment for Kidney Transplantation}, keyword = {Immunosuppression, Rejection, Renal transplantation} }

Časopis indeksira:


  • MEDLINE


Uključenost u ostale bibliografske baze podataka::


  • Index Medicus
  • Medline





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