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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 555062

Farmakoterapija glaukoma


Pelčić, Goran; Vitezić, Dinko; Mršić-Pelčić, Jasenka
Farmakoterapija glaukoma // Farmaceutski glasnik : glasilo Hrvatskog farmaceutskog društva, 67 (2011), 5; 311-327 (podatak o recenziji nije dostupan, pregledni rad, stručni)


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Naslov
Farmakoterapija glaukoma

Autori
Pelčić, Goran ; Vitezić, Dinko ; Mršić-Pelčić, Jasenka

Izvornik
Farmaceutski glasnik : glasilo Hrvatskog farmaceutskog društva (0014-8202) 67 (2011), 5; 311-327

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, pregledni rad, stručni

Ključne riječi
Adrenergic blockers; carbonic anhydrase inhibitors; cholinergic agonists; intraocular pressure; prostaglandin analogs

Sažetak
Glaucoma is a slow progressive degeneration of the retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) and the optic nerve axons, leading to irreversible blindness if left undiagnosed and untreated. Although increased intraocular pressure is a major risk factor of glaucoma, other factors include increased glutamate levels, alterations in nitric oxide (NO) metabolism, vascular alterations and oxidative damage caused by reactive oxygen species. Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness globally, accounting for 12.3% of the total blindness. Glaucoma has been broadly classified as primary or secondary open-angle or angle-closure glaucoma. The primary goal in management of glaucoma is to prevent the risk factor, especially elevated intraocular pressure (IOP), using medications, laser therapy or conventional surgery. The first- line treatment of glaucoma usually begins with the use of a topical selective or nonselective blocker or a prostaglandin analog. Second-line drugs of choice include alpha-agonists and topical carbonic anhydrase inhibitors. Cholinergic agonists are considered third-line treatment options. When a single therapy is not sufficient to lower the IOP, a combination therapy is indicated. To enhance the patient compliance, drug delivery systems like electronic devices, ocular inserts, tansdermal and mechanical drug delivery systems have been developed. Use of emulsions and soluble ophthalmic drug inserts (SODI) enhance patience compliance and ocular drug delivery in patients in long-term glaucoma therapy. For patients who do not respond to antiglaucoma medications, laser trabeculoplasty and incisional surgery are recommended. Several nutrients and botanicals hold promise for the treatment of glaucoma, but most studies are preliminary, and larger, controlled studies are required. Future directions for the development of a novel therapy glaucoma may target glutamate inhibition, NMDA receptor blockade, exogenously applied neurotrophins, open channel blockers, antioxidants, protease inhibitors and gene therapy.

Izvorni jezik
Hrvatski



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekti:
062-0620529-0518 - Molekularni mehanizmi ishemijskog oštećenja mozga i neuroprotekcija (Mršić-Pelčić, Jasenka, MZOS ) ( POIROT)

Ustanove:
Medicinski fakultet, Rijeka


Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Pelčić, Goran; Vitezić, Dinko; Mršić-Pelčić, Jasenka
Farmakoterapija glaukoma // Farmaceutski glasnik : glasilo Hrvatskog farmaceutskog društva, 67 (2011), 5; 311-327 (podatak o recenziji nije dostupan, pregledni rad, stručni)
Pelčić, G., Vitezić, D. & Mršić-Pelčić, J. (2011) Farmakoterapija glaukoma. Farmaceutski glasnik : glasilo Hrvatskog farmaceutskog društva, 67 (5), 311-327.
@article{article, year = {2011}, pages = {311-327}, keywords = {Adrenergic blockers, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, cholinergic agonists, intraocular pressure, prostaglandin analogs}, journal = {Farmaceutski glasnik : glasilo Hrvatskog farmaceutskog dru\v{s}tva}, volume = {67}, number = {5}, issn = {0014-8202}, title = {Farmakoterapija glaukoma}, keyword = {Adrenergic blockers, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, cholinergic agonists, intraocular pressure, prostaglandin analogs} }
@article{article, year = {2011}, pages = {311-327}, keywords = {Adrenergic blockers, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, cholinergic agonists, intraocular pressure, prostaglandin analogs}, journal = {Farmaceutski glasnik : glasilo Hrvatskog farmaceutskog dru\v{s}tva}, volume = {67}, number = {5}, issn = {0014-8202}, title = {Farmakoterapija glaukoma}, keyword = {Adrenergic blockers, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, cholinergic agonists, intraocular pressure, prostaglandin analogs} }

Časopis indeksira:


  • Scopus


Uključenost u ostale bibliografske baze podataka:


  • Scopus





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