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A relationship between the solar rotation and activity in the period 1998-2006 analysed by tracing small bright coronal structures in SOHO-EIT images


Jurdana-Šepić, Rajka; Brajša, Roman; Wöhl, Hubertus; Hanslmeier, Arnold; Poljančić, Ivana; Svalgaard, Leif; Gissot, Samuel
A relationship between the solar rotation and activity in the period 1998-2006 analysed by tracing small bright coronal structures in SOHO-EIT images // Astronomy and astrophysics, 534 (2011), A17; 1-6 doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201014357 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
A relationship between the solar rotation and activity in the period 1998-2006 analysed by tracing small bright coronal structures in SOHO-EIT images

Autori
Jurdana-Šepić, Rajka ; Brajša, Roman ; Wöhl, Hubertus ; Hanslmeier, Arnold ; Poljančić, Ivana ; Svalgaard, Leif ; Gissot, Samuel

Izvornik
Astronomy and astrophysics (0004-6361) 534 (2011), A17; 1-6

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Sun: rotation; Sun: corona; Sun: activity

Sažetak
Aims: The study aims to find a relationship between the rotation of the small bright coronal structures (SBCS) described by the solar rotation parameters and indices of solar activity on monthly and yearly temporal scales. Methods: We analyse precise measurements of the solar differential rotation determined by tracing SBCS in SOHO-EIT images and compare the derived solar rotation parameters with the status of solar activity in the period 1998 - 2006. Full-disc solar images obtained with the Extreme ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (EIT) on board the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) were used to analyse solar differential rotation determined by tracing SBCS. An automatic method to identify and track the SBCS in EIT full-disc images with a six hour cadence is applied. We performed a statistical analysis of the monthly and yearly values of solar sidereal rotation velocity parameters A and B (corresponding to the equatorial rotation velocity and the gradient of the solar differential rotation, respectively) as a function of various solar activity indices. Results: The dependence of the solar rotation on the phase of the solar cycle was found. It is clearly visible for the solar rotation parameter A, whilst the results are not conclusive for parameter B. The relationship between the solar rotation and activity, expressed by the monthly relative sunspot number, the smoothed monthly relative sunspot number, the yearly relative sunspot number, and the interdiurnal variability (IDV) index was investigated. The statistically significant correlation was found for the solar rotation parameter A, whilst a very low and insignificant correlation was obtained for the rotation parameter B. Conclusions: During the maximum of the solar cycle 23 and just after it, the equatorial solar rotation velocity was lower than in other phases of the cycle, when there was less activity. This is consistent with other observational findings, obtained by different tracers and methods.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Fizika



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
007-0000000-1364 - Fizikalni procesi u atmosferama Sunca i zvijezda (Vladimir Ruždjak, )

Ustanove
Geodetski fakultet, Zagreb,
Sveučilište u Rijeci - Odjel za fiziku

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus


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