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Why is retrieval expensive?: An analysis of component-processes


Vranić, Andrea; Tonković, Mirjana
Why is retrieval expensive?: An analysis of component-processes // Proceedings of the 17th meeting of the European Society for Cognitive Psychology
San Sebastian: European Society for Cognitive Psychology, 2011. str. 177-177 (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Why is retrieval expensive?: An analysis of component-processes

Autori
Vranić, Andrea ; Tonković, Mirjana

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Proceedings of the 17th meeting of the European Society for Cognitive Psychology / - San Sebastian : European Society for Cognitive Psychology, 2011, 177-177

Skup
17th meeting of the European Society for Cognitive Psychology

Mjesto i datum
San Sebastian, 29.9.-2.10.2011

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Retrieval; attentional cost; transfer appropriate processing

Sažetak
Research shows that division of attention during retrieval affects memory performance only minimally. This relative immunity of episodic retrieval is offset by a cost, as measured by the concurrent secondary task in a divided attention paradigm. This experiment was conducted with the aim of further exploring this relative immunity and the attentional costs associated with what seems to be obligatory retrieval processes. More specifically, we aimed at exploring the attentional cost associated with each of three retrieval component-processes: 1) cue-encoding, 2) cue elaboration, 3) retrieval mode (Tulving, 1983). A componential analysis, as introduced by Naveh-Benjamin et al. (2000), was employed to assess attentional demands of four different retrieval tasks: two tapping the episodic and two tapping the semantic memory system. Furthermore, within each of these „system tasks“, one task was data-driven and one was conceptually-driven, as proposed by the transfer-appropriate processing (TAP) approach. Our results show a similar pattern of attentional costs of the three retrieval component-processes, across various types of retrieval. The cue elaboration was found to be the most attention demanding of the three component-processes, and also this process was shown to demand significantly more attention in the non-TAP situation. These findings are interpreted within the TAP framework.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Psihologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
130-0000000-3295 - Integracija informacija kao osnova cjelovitog doživljavanja (Dragutin Ivanec, )
130-1301683-1417 - Promjene ličnosti i kognitivnih procesa u starijoj dobi (Predrag Zarevski, )

Ustanove
Filozofski fakultet, Zagreb