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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 551718

Computers, Humans and Metaphors: the Human-Machine Dualism'


Škara, Danica
Computers, Humans and Metaphors: the Human-Machine Dualism' // Discourse and Interaction (2011) (znanstveni, prihvaćen)


CROSBI ID: 551718 Za ispravke kontaktirajte CROSBI podršku putem web obrasca

Naslov
Computers, Humans and Metaphors: the Human-Machine Dualism'

Autori
Škara, Danica

Vrsta, podvrsta
Radovi u časopisima, znanstveni

Izvornik
Discourse and Interaction (2011)

Status rada
Prihvaćen

Ključne riječi
computers; conceptual metaphors; human beings

Sažetak
The coming of electronic media and technology has generated new linguistic descriptions of the world. Metaphors are often used as a convenient strategy for the remodelling of human conceptualization, which changes as high-technology develops. The main focus of this paper is to examine the complex relations between body and computer, approaching the body as a source of metaphorical projections. Cognitive theory is outlined (G. Lakoff & M. Johnson (1980), G. Lakoff (2008), Z. Kövecses (2002), G. Fauconnier and M. Turner (2002)) and applied to the basic terms of computer discourse. According to G. Lakoff (2008), our future depends on which metaphorical conceptions predominate since these conceptions tend to determine our thoughts, actions and worldviews. Recognising the power of metaphors, this study will focus on the following issues: - How is the abstract or unknown domain of computing conceptualized in terms of the concrete domain of the human body and vice versa? - How best may conceptual metaphors be categorized? - What is their relative frequency? - Do computer metaphors undermine human identity or just help us to understand one part of our reality? The results of an analysis of a limited sample of conceptual metaphors (1000) show that we have begun to use a common terminological frame of reference for both domains, the human body and computers. This attitude sets the stage for an exceptionally powerful process of remapping and reimagining the boundaries of human bodies. The following 'conceptual frames' are the most frequent: computers as human beings, the human environment as computer environment, brain as software, human senses and emotions as computer activities. Humans are almost blended with computers and vice versa. Through the use of these metaphors we both illuminate and cast shadows on our understanding of the human-machine relationship. R. Gozzi (1999) warns of the possible consequences of reimagining human bodies. He argues that so many body terms will be recognized as computer terms that it might diminish the possibility of describing human beings. Since this fusion of nature and technology is still in progress, we would like to give our own contribution to previous considerations of the embodied relationship between computers and humans.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Filologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekti:
269-1301049-0907 - Konceptualne razlike hrv., eng. i tal. jezika:odabrana spoznajna područja (Škara, Danica, MZOS ) ( POIROT)

Ustanove:
Sveučilište u Zadru

Profili:

Avatar Url Danica Škara (autor)


Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Škara, Danica
Computers, Humans and Metaphors: the Human-Machine Dualism' // Discourse and Interaction (2011) (znanstveni, prihvaćen)
Škara, D. (2011) Computers, Humans and Metaphors: the Human-Machine Dualism'. Prihvaćen za objavljivanje u Discourse and Interaction. [Preprint].
@unknown{unknown, author = {\v{S}kara, D.}, year = {2011}, keywords = {computers, conceptual metaphors, human beings}, journal = {Discourse and Interaction}, title = {Computers, Humans and Metaphors: the Human-Machine Dualism'}, keyword = {computers, conceptual metaphors, human beings} }
@unknown{unknown, author = {\v{S}kara, D.}, year = {2011}, keywords = {computers, conceptual metaphors, human beings}, journal = {Discourse and Interaction}, title = {Computers, Humans and Metaphors: the Human-Machine Dualism'}, keyword = {computers, conceptual metaphors, human beings} }




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