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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 549416

Quantum random number generators and their use in cryptography


Stipčević, Mario
Quantum random number generators and their use in cryptography // Proceedings of 34nd International Convention MIPRO 2011 / Biljanović, Petar ; Skala, Karol (ur.).
Rijeka, Hrvatska: Denona, 2011. str. 1474-1479 (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni)


Naslov
Quantum random number generators and their use in cryptography

Autori
Stipčević, Mario

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u zbornicima skupova, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni

Izvornik
Proceedings of 34nd International Convention MIPRO 2011 / Biljanović, Petar ; Skala, Karol - Rijeka, Hrvatska : Denona, 2011, 1474-1479

ISBN
978-953-233-060-1

Skup
International Convention on Information and Communication Technology, Electronics and Microelectronics (34 ; 2011)

Mjesto i datum
Opatija, Hrvatska, 23.-27.05.2011

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Randomness; radnom numbers; cryptography; quantum

Sažetak
Random number generators (RNG) are an important resource in many areas: cryptography (both quantum and classical), probabilistic computation (Monte Carlo methods), numerical simulations, industrial testing and labeling, hazard games, scientific research, etc. Because today's computers are deterministic, they can not create random numbers unless complemented with a RNG. Randomness of a RNG can be precisely, scientifically characterized and measured. Especially valuable is the information-theoretic provable RNG (True RNG - TRNG) which, at state of the art, seem to be possible only by use of physical randomness inherent to certain (simple) quantum systems. On the other hand, current industry standard dictates use of RNG's based on free running oscillators (FRO) whose randomness is derived from electronics noise present in logic circuits and which cannot be strictly proven. This approach is currently used in 3-rd and 4-th generation FPGA and ASIC hardware, unsuitable for realization of quantum TRNG. We compare weak and strong aspects of the two approaches and discuss possibility of building quantum TRNG in the recently appeared Mixed Signal FPGA technology. Finally, we discuss several examples where use of a TRNG is critical and show how it can significantly improve security of cryptographic systems.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Fizika



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
098-0352851-2873 - Eksperimentalne tehnike kvantne komunikacije i kvantne informacije (Mario Stipčević, )

Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Mario Stipčević, (180974)