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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 542824

Glutathione and MDA in tissues of rats treated with ochratoxin A


Novak, Ivana; Flajs, Dubravka; Peraica, Maja
Glutathione and MDA in tissues of rats treated with ochratoxin A // Power of Fungi and Mycotoxins in Health and Disease, Programme and Abstsracts / Antolović, Roberto ; Miličević, Tihomir (ur.).
Zagreb: Croatian Microbilogocial Society, 2011. str. 86-86 (poster, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Glutathione and MDA in tissues of rats treated with ochratoxin A

Autori
Novak, Ivana ; Flajs, Dubravka ; Peraica, Maja

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Power of Fungi and Mycotoxins in Health and Disease, Programme and Abstsracts / Antolović, Roberto ; Miličević, Tihomir - Zagreb : Croatian Microbilogocial Society, 2011, 86-86

ISBN
978-953-7778-01-9

Skup
Power of Fungi and Mycotoxins in Health and Disease

Mjesto i datum
Primošten, Hrvatska, 19-21.10 2011.

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Neobjavljeni rad

Ključne riječi
Oxidative stress; malondialdehyde; lipid peroxidation

Sažetak
Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a mycotoxin produced by Penicillium and Aspergillus moulds. It contaminates cereals, cereal products, coffee, nuts, meat, milk and other commodities like wine, beer and cheese. Studies on laboratory and domestic animals have shown that OTA is nephrotoxic, carcinogenic, genotoxic, and immunotoxic. One of the possible mechanisms of OTA toxicity is the production of free radicals and consequent oxidative stress. In this study oxidative stress in plasma and different tissues of rats treated with OTA was investigated by measuring the levels of glutathione (GSH) with spectrophotometric method and malondialdehyde (MDA) with HPLC method. Adult male Wistar rats in groups by six were treated orally with NaHCO3 (control group), 250 g OTA/kg b.w. and 500 g OTA/kg b.w. every day for eight days. Animals were sacrificed 24 hours after the last treatment and plasma, liver, kidney and brain tissues were collected and frozen until analyzed. Concentrations of GSH measured in kidney of controls (196.2 nmol/g) and treated animals (190.5 and 201.9 nmol/g in animals treated with 250 g OTA/kg b.w. and 500 g OTA/kg b.w, respectively) was not statistically significant. Although kidney is the target organ of OTA toxicity, the lack of the effect of OTA treatment on kidney GSH concentration may be explained with the relatively short time of exposure. In liver of animals given 0, 250, 500 g OTA/kg b.w, GSH concentrations were 89.2, 71.5 and 62.4 nmol/g tissue, respectively, and in plasma 11.0, 7.3 and 8.5 µmol/L, respectively. The effect of OTA on plasma GSH concentration is probably the consequence of effect of OTA on liver, the most important detoxifying organ. Contrary to expectations, OTA treatment caused slight increase of GSH in brain tissue of rats. The concentration of MDA, which is the final product of lipid peroxidation, in brain and plasma was significantly higher in OTA- treated animals than in controls, confirming that OTA increases lipid peroxidation.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
022-0222148-2142 - Toksični učinci mikotoksina na ljude i životinje (Maja Peraica, )
113-0000000-0548 - Prehrana i životne navike u očuvanju zdravlja (Milena Mandić, )

Ustanove
Institut za medicinska istraživanja i medicinu rada, Zagreb,
Prehrambeno-tehnološki fakultet, Osijek