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Culture Change (Modernization) and Risk of Disease (Stress): New Avenues in Biocultural Research


Martinović Klarić, Irena; Peternel, Lana; Malnar, Ana; Škreblin Kirbiš, Ivona; Zeljko, Hrvojka Marija
Culture Change (Modernization) and Risk of Disease (Stress): New Avenues in Biocultural Research // Book of Abstracts / Turbón, Daniel (ur.).
Barcelona: Spanish Society of Physical Anthropology, 2011. str. 41-41 (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Culture Change (Modernization) and Risk of Disease (Stress): New Avenues in Biocultural Research

Autori
Martinović Klarić, Irena ; Peternel, Lana ; Malnar, Ana ; Škreblin Kirbiš, Ivona ; Zeljko, Hrvojka Marija

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Book of Abstracts / Turbón, Daniel - Barcelona : Spanish Society of Physical Anthropology, 2011, 41-41

Skup
17th Congress of the Spanish Society of Physical Anthropology

Mjesto i datum
Barcelona, Španjolska, 2-4.06.2011

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Anthropology; cultural change; modernization; stress; biocultural research

Sažetak
Modernity is problematized in the life and everyday experience of the youth living in the half-way globalised, post-socialist, post-war, transitional and reforming society where prejudices, intolerance, violence, discrimination, vivid war memories, demolished economy, traditionalism and globalization create a specific climate in which making life-important decisions (such as continuing education, entering working market or starting independent life) becomes extremely complex, risky and stressful. In analyzing modernity as the stressful phenomenon our group utilizes not only anthropological methodological tools, but also those from social psychology and biomedicine. Our research agenda builds on the literature addressing various aspects of stress and coping during adolescence by introducing a unique and novel focus on the future-related stress in relation to modernity. Moreover, we are approaching the concept of modernity-related stress in youth from a biomedical perspective by carefully selecting a set of stress-related biomarkers. For the purpose of studying modernity and stress our group has developed a modernity competence model based on the multidimensional and dynamic relationship between modernity, stress, as well as the moderating effect of cultural and social environment and coping. Modernity competence implies psychological, cultural and social tolerance and openness to dissonance within and between modernity-related attitudes and strategies in the different life spheres. We hypothesize that tolerance would be evidenced in specific patterns of different stress measures. Modernity may be a measure of intensity or a measure of discrepancy between different life spheres. On the other hand, modernity competence is more complex than that, referring to tolerance of lower correlations among its various aspects, within and between private and public spheres, assuming that ambivalence and incoherency is not necessarily stressful for everyone. Moreover, we suggest that being modernity competent does not imply being faced with pro-modern choices, but being exposed to modern, traditional and hybrid choices, while tolerating these inconsistencies. In other words, we assume that complex and dynamic inter-relationships among various variables in multiple domains of the area of cultural and social environment trigger modernity competence in adolescents. The outcomes of modernity competence depend on the interplay between coping strategies and characteristics of the cultural and social environment.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Demografija, Etnologija i antropologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
076-0762385-2375 - Utjecaj migracija na regionalni razvoj Hrvatske (Ivan Lajić, )

Ustanove
Institut za migracije i narodnosti, Zagreb