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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 540322

Measuring the ecotoxicological effects of neonicotinoids onto non-target organisms


Malev, Olga; Sauerborn Klobučar, Roberta; Fabbretti, Elsa; Trebše, Polonca
Measuring the ecotoxicological effects of neonicotinoids onto non-target organisms // 7th MGPR International Symposium "Paolo Cabras" Pesticides in food and the environment in Mediterranean countries
Faculty of Agriculture, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 2011. str. 62-62 (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


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Naslov
Measuring the ecotoxicological effects of neonicotinoids onto non-target organisms

Autori
Malev, Olga ; Sauerborn Klobučar, Roberta ; Fabbretti, Elsa ; Trebše, Polonca

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
7th MGPR International Symposium "Paolo Cabras" Pesticides in food and the environment in Mediterranean countries / - Faculty of Agriculture, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 2011, 62-62

Skup
MGPR International Symposium "Paolo Cabras" (7 ; 2011)

Mjesto i datum
Thessaloniki, Grčka, 9.-11.11.2011

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Gammarus; algae; imidacloprid; antioxidant enzymes; lipid peroxidation

Sažetak
Pesticides have brought remarkable benefits to mankind by increasing food production. At the same time, continuous use of pesticides has been reported to cause severe environmental problems. This research is focused on imidacloprid (IMI) which acts as an agonist of the insect acetylcholine receptor. Although IMI is an insecticide, there is evidence that it may be harmful to algae and invertebrates. A preliminary testing of IMI stability and metabolite production was performed by LC/MS. Consequently, we have explored the baseline toxicity of IMI (pure compound), Confidor® 200SL (commercial formulation) and 6-chloronicotinic acid (IMI-metabolite) on freshwater algae Scenedesmus subspicatus. The effect of these compounds was also explored on biochemical responses of non-target species like Gammarus fossarum. The algal cultures were exposed to different doses of tested compounds and a 96-h growth inhibition test was conducted. The algal cultures were more sensitive to the commercial formulation and IMI-metabolite. Furthermore, we tested the effects on individual animal performances and biochemical biomarkers. Our data demonstrated an overall low toxicity of IMI and its metabolite, with no significant changes in the mortality rate. The commercial formulation Confidor® demonstrated an increase in mortality at higher concentrations. Both IMI and Confidor® showed an increased number of inactive animals with only respiration movements left, while IMI-metabolite induced overall animal hyperactivity. Low concentrations of IMI (0.4 μM) resulted in increased lipid peroxidation (LP) levels. Higher concentration of Confidor® (2μM) induced a significant increase of GST activity and LP, while only moderate change in catalase (CAT). Interestingly, the metabolite did not affect LP, while altered significantly only the antioxidant system (GST and CAT). These preliminary approaches are based on the use of biochemical biomarkers to monitor pesticide contamination. Nevertheless, individual performances alterations can point to possible pollution problems and potential ecological consequences.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekti:
098-1782739-2749 - Substanična biokemijska i filogenetska raznolikost tkiva riba, rakova i školjaka (Čož-Rakovac, Rozelinda, MZOS ) ( POIROT)

Ustanove:
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Profili:

Avatar Url Olga Malev (autor)

Avatar Url Roberta Sauerborn Klobučar (autor)

Citiraj ovu publikaciju:

Malev, Olga; Sauerborn Klobučar, Roberta; Fabbretti, Elsa; Trebše, Polonca
Measuring the ecotoxicological effects of neonicotinoids onto non-target organisms // 7th MGPR International Symposium "Paolo Cabras" Pesticides in food and the environment in Mediterranean countries
Faculty of Agriculture, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 2011. str. 62-62 (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)
Malev, O., Sauerborn Klobučar, R., Fabbretti, E. & Trebše, P. (2011) Measuring the ecotoxicological effects of neonicotinoids onto non-target organisms. U: 7th MGPR International Symposium "Paolo Cabras" Pesticides in food and the environment in Mediterranean countries.
@article{article, year = {2011}, pages = {62-62}, keywords = {Gammarus, algae, imidacloprid, antioxidant enzymes, lipid peroxidation}, title = {Measuring the ecotoxicological effects of neonicotinoids onto non-target organisms}, keyword = {Gammarus, algae, imidacloprid, antioxidant enzymes, lipid peroxidation}, publisherplace = {Thessaloniki, Gr\v{c}ka} }
@article{article, year = {2011}, pages = {62-62}, keywords = {Gammarus, algae, imidacloprid, antioxidant enzymes, lipid peroxidation}, title = {Measuring the ecotoxicological effects of neonicotinoids onto non-target organisms}, keyword = {Gammarus, algae, imidacloprid, antioxidant enzymes, lipid peroxidation}, publisherplace = {Thessaloniki, Gr\v{c}ka} }




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