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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 539098

Impact of extreme thermal conditions on mortality in Croatia


Zaninović, Ksenija
Impact of extreme thermal conditions on mortality in Croatia, 2011., doktorska disertacija, Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet, Zagreb


CROSBI ID: 539098 Za ispravke kontaktirajte CROSBI podršku putem web obrasca

Naslov
Impact of extreme thermal conditions on mortality in Croatia

Autori
Zaninović, Ksenija

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Ocjenski radovi, doktorska disertacija

Fakultet
Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet

Mjesto
Zagreb

Datum
30.09

Godina
2011

Stranica
139

Mentor
Matzarakis, Andreas

Ključne riječi
thermal load; mortality; physiologically equivalent temperature; heat cut point; thermo-physiological stress; climate change; heat health warning system

Sažetak
This study investigates the relationship between mortality and thermal conditions of the atmosphere in order to estimate the risk to the population and determine the thermal load for increased mortality. The results will be the basis for the forecasting of heat wave in order to implement a national heat health warning system. The study was conducted for four cities in different climatic regions of Croatia: Zagreb, Osijek, Rijeka and Split. Data on mortality were obtained from the Central Bureau of Statistics for the 26-year period 1983-2008. Series of the expected mortality were determined by means of Gaussian filter of 183 days, and the input series are deviations of mortality from expected values. In order to assess the thermal environment, the physiologically equivalent temperature is used, as a thermal index derived from the energy balance model of heat exchange between human body and environment. The curve depicting the relationship between mortality and temperature has a U shape with increased mortality in the cold and warm part of the scale, and the increase in mortality is more pronounced in the warm part. The heat cut point for increased mortality was determined using scatter plot and fitting data by means of moving average of mortality ; it is defined as the temperature at which deviation from the expected mortality becomes significant. These values vary spatially and they are higher in the continental part of Croatia than at the coast. The same analysis on the monthly basis shows that at the beginning of the warm season increased mortality occurs at a lower temperature compared with later summer when human body is already adapted to warmer environment. The heat cut point for physiologically equivalent temperature in August is up to 15°C higher than in April. The analysis of mortality for different levels of heat stress on the basis of physiologically equivalent temperature including adaptation to thermal conditions in the past 30 days shows the lowest mortality in classes with slightly warm stress and without thermal stress, while increased mortality occurs during the strong and extreme heat stress. Extreme heat stress, although less frequent than a strong stress, gives the largest contribution to the total excess of mortality due to higher risk. The increase in mortality is the highest during the first 3-5 days and after that it decreases and falls below the expected value (mortality displacement or harvesting effect). Long lasting heat waves represent increased risk, but in a very long heat waves increase in mortality is reduced due to the harvesting effect. The impact of climate change on the occurrence of heat related mortality in two climate periods 2011-2040 and 2041-2070 is analyzed by means of projections obtained by the regional climate model RegCM3 under the IPCC emission scenario A2 and on the basis of the obtained relationship between mortality and thermal environment. In spite of an increasing trend in the frequency of heat stress in the period 1983-2008, the mortality decreased due to the long-term adaptation. Thus, with the long-term adaptation included, the increase in mortality is reduced and the cumulative increase in mortality rate, when compared with present climate, would range between 12-42% in the period 2011-2040 and 48-162% in 2041-2070. The results will enable the forecast of heat waves and the implementation of a heat health warning system and they will allow performing public health activities that Croatia has adopted on the recommendation of the World Health Organization in order to prevent heat-related morbidity and mortality.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Geologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekti:
004-1193086-3035 - Klimatske varijacije i promjene i odjek u područjima utjecaja (Gajić-Čapka, Marjana, MZOS ) ( POIROT)

Ustanove:
Državni hidrometeorološki zavod


Citiraj ovu publikaciju:

Zaninović, Ksenija
Impact of extreme thermal conditions on mortality in Croatia, 2011., doktorska disertacija, Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet, Zagreb
Zaninović, K. (2011) 'Impact of extreme thermal conditions on mortality in Croatia', doktorska disertacija, Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet, Zagreb.
@phdthesis{phdthesis, author = {Zaninovi\'{c}, K.}, year = {2011}, pages = {139}, keywords = {thermal load, mortality, physiologically equivalent temperature, heat cut point, thermo-physiological stress, climate change, heat health warning system}, title = {Impact of extreme thermal conditions on mortality in Croatia}, keyword = {thermal load, mortality, physiologically equivalent temperature, heat cut point, thermo-physiological stress, climate change, heat health warning system}, publisherplace = {Zagreb} }
@phdthesis{phdthesis, author = {Zaninovi\'{c}, K.}, year = {2011}, pages = {139}, keywords = {thermal load, mortality, physiologically equivalent temperature, heat cut point, thermo-physiological stress, climate change, heat health warning system}, title = {Impact of extreme thermal conditions on mortality in Croatia}, keyword = {thermal load, mortality, physiologically equivalent temperature, heat cut point, thermo-physiological stress, climate change, heat health warning system}, publisherplace = {Zagreb} }




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