Napredna pretraga

Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 53668

Blood pressure in relation to dietary calcium, alcohol consumption, blood lead and cadmium in rural women


Telišman, Spomenka; Pizent, Alica; Jurasović, Jasna
Blood pressure in relation to dietary calcium, alcohol consumption, blood lead and cadmium in rural women // Scientific Programme and Abstracts
Singapore, 2000. (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Blood pressure in relation to dietary calcium, alcohol consumption, blood lead and cadmium in rural women

Autori
Telišman, Spomenka ; Pizent, Alica ; Jurasović, Jasna

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Scientific Programme and Abstracts / - , 2000

Skup
26th International Congress on Occupational Health

Mjesto i datum
Singapore, 27.08-01.09.2000

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Sažetak
Aim. The interrelationship of dietary calcium (Ca), alcohol consumption, blood lead (B-Pb), blood cadmium (B-Cd), age, and body mass index (BMI) to blood pressure (BP) was examined in women, nonsmokers. Method. Total 267 peasant women, aged 40-85 years, all nonsmokers and consuming very little or no alcohol, were examined. They were residents of two rural areas in Croatia and differed in lifetime habit of dietary Ca intake: 100 women with low Ca intake (about 450 mg/day) and 167 women with relatively high Ca intake (about 940 mg/day). The interrelationship of Ca intake (residence area), alcohol consumption, B-Pb, B-Cd, age, and BMI to systolic and diastolic BP was evaluated by multiple regression analysis. The significance of the difference between groups was evaluated by the Mann-Whitney U-test. Results. Median and range B-Pb values were 74 (29-251) ľg/L in women with low Ca intake and 59 (21-263) ľg/L in women with high Ca intake (P<0.0002), while corresponding B-Cd values were 0.6 (0.2-3.6) ľg/L and 0.6 (0.3-4.5) ľg/L (P>0.10). Multiple regression analysis showed a significant increase in systolic BP with age (P<10^-12), BMI (P<10^-6), and with B-Cd (P<0.05). Diastolic BP was significantly positively associated with BMI (P<10^-6), age (P<0.002), and residence area (P<0.005), i.e. it was higher in the group with low Ca intake, although these women also had significantly higher alcohol consumption (P<0.0001) and B-Pb (P<0.0002) compared with women from the other area. When the two groups of women were subdivided into consumers and nonconsumers of alcohol, B-Pb was significantly positively related to alcohol consumption and inversely to Ca intake. The highest B-Pb was found in the subgroup of alcohol consumers with low Ca intake, and the lowest B-Pb in the subgroup of nonconsumers with high Ca intake: 78 (42-251) and 51 (22-192) ľg/L, respectively (P<10^-5). Significantly higher diastolic BP was found in the former, compared to the latter subgroup: 95 (70-130) and 90 (60-120) mm Hg, respectively (P<0.05). The significant difference in diastolic BP cannot be explained by age, BMI or B-Cd, as these were comparable in the two subgroups. Conclusion. Alcohol consumption and low dietary Ca intake can increase B-Pb, which may significantly contribute to an increase in diastolic BP in women even at relatively low-level Pb-exposure. A significant contribution of relatively low B-Cd to an increase in systolic BP was observed.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Javno zdravstvo i zdravstvena zaštita



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
00220304

Ustanove
Institut za medicinska istraživanja i medicinu rada, Zagreb