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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 534798

Exaggerated platelet reactivity to physiological agonists in war veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder


Vidović, Anđelko; Grubišić-Ilić, Mirjana; Kozarić-Kovačić, Dragica; Gotovac, Katja; Rakoš, Iva; Markotić, Alemka; Rabatić, Sabina; Dekaris, Dragan; Sabioncello, Ante
Exaggerated platelet reactivity to physiological agonists in war veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder // Psychoneuroendocrinology, 36 (2011), 2; 161-172 doi:0.1016/j.psyneuen.2010.08.005 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Exaggerated platelet reactivity to physiological agonists in war veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder

Autori
Vidović, Anđelko ; Grubišić-Ilić, Mirjana ; Kozarić-Kovačić, Dragica ; Gotovac, Katja ; Rakoš, Iva ; Markotić, Alemka ; Rabatić, Sabina ; Dekaris, Dragan ; Sabioncello, Ante

Izvornik
Psychoneuroendocrinology (0306-4530) 36 (2011), 2; 161-172

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
PTSD; platelet activation; platelet aggregation; leukocyte; epinephrine; ADP

Sažetak
An association between traumatic stress and cardiovascular disease (CVD) is supported by various epidemiological studies. Platelet activation and binding of activated platelets to leukocytes contributes to the pathophysiology of CVD. Evidence of hyperactive sympathetic nervous system, altered expression of platelet alpha2-adrenoreceptors (alpha2AR), and altered platelet adenylate cyclase activity in patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) suggest that platelet reactivity in PTSD may be altered as well. We tested whether platelet reactivity to increasing doses of adenosine-diphosphate (ADP), epinephrine (EPI), or their combination differs between war veterans with PTSD (n = 15) and healthy controls (n = 12). For this purpose, citrated whole blood was incubated with increasing concentrations of ADP (0.1, 1, 10 microM), EPI alone (10 nM, 100 nM, 1000 nM), or EPI (10 nM, 100 nM, 1000 nM) in combination with 0.1 microM ADP. A subset of samples was also incubated with 10 microM yohimbine (YOH), alpha2AR antagonist, to distinguish receptor-specific effects. Platelet CD62P expression and formation of platelet—leukocyte aggregates (PLA) [platelet—monocyte (P—Mo), —lymphocyte (P—Ly), and —neutrophil (P—Ne) aggregates] were measured using three-color flow cytometry. Platelet reactivity was higher in war veterans with PTSD when compared to controls, as determined by greater CD62P expression and formation of PLA in response to ADP alone or in combination with EPI. Platelet reactivity also correlated with the severity of PTSD symptoms. Preliminary experiments with YOH indicate that stress-associated EPI elevations may contribute to platelet activation through a alpha2AR-dependent mechanism. The enhanced platelet reactivity observed in our study may be the underlying mechanism contributing to the development of CVD in PTSD patients.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
021-0212432-2434 - Psihološki faktori u modulaciji imunoreaktivnosti (Ante Sabioncello, )
198-0982522-0075 - Psihofiziološka dijagnostika poremećaja uzrokovanih stresom (Dragica Kozarić-Kovačić, )
198-1081870-0074 - Utjecaj lipidnog statusa, homocisteina i oLAB-a na kognitivne funkcije u PTSP-u (Davor Rak, )

Ustanove
Imunološki zavod d.d.,
Klinička bolnica "Dubrava"

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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