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Phase transitions in driven diffusive systems far from equilibrium


Szavits Nossan, Juraj
Phase transitions in driven diffusive systems far from equilibrium 2011., doktorska disertacija, Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet, Fizički odsjek, Zagreb


Naslov
Phase transitions in driven diffusive systems far from equilibrium

Autori
Szavits Nossan, Juraj

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Ocjenski radovi, doktorska disertacija

Fakultet
Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet, Fizički odsjek

Mjesto
Zagreb

Datum
20.10

Godina
2011

Stranica
118

Mentor
Uzelac, Katarina

Ključne riječi
Driven diffusive systems; nonequilibrium steady states; phase diagrams; defects; disordered systems

Sažetak
Nonequilibrium phase transitions are studied in several proposed generalizations of the asym- metric simple exclusion process (ASEP). ASEP is a simple model belonging to the class of so-called driven diffusive systems maintained far from equilibrium by external field and nonequi- librium boundary conditions. We propose a generalization of ASEP that replaces short-range with long-range hopping, where hopping length l is taken from the probability distribution that follows a power law p_l ∝ l^−(1+σ) with σ > 1. Although the resulting phase diagram re- mains the same, we observe changes both at the first- and the second-order transition lines for 1 < σ < 2, while the short-range limit sets in for σ > 2. Using the same model we also address the long-standing question of whether a “slow” site in ASEP always induces phase separation. By including a “slow” site in the long-range model we show that the transition to the non-separated phase is possible and we find the exact transition point. In the case of finite concentration of defects (i.e. disorder), we show that contrary to the one-dimensional case where disorder always induces phase separation, in the two-dimensional ASEP a regime exists in which phase separation is absent.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Fizika



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
035-0000000-3187 - Kriticne pojave i sustavi izvan ravnoteze (Katarina Uzelac, )

Ustanove
Institut za fiziku, Zagreb

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Juraj Szavits Nossan, (285591)