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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 530411

Biomechanical Properties of Bones from Rats Treated with Sevelamer


Drača, Nataša; Tikvica, Ana; Eljuga, Domagoj; Semenski, Damir; Brnčić, Mladen; Vukičević, Slobodan
Biomechanical Properties of Bones from Rats Treated with Sevelamer // Collegium Antropologicum, 35 (2011), 2; 557-563 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Biomechanical Properties of Bones from Rats Treated with Sevelamer

Autori
Drača, Nataša ; Tikvica, Ana ; Eljuga, Domagoj ; Semenski, Damir ; Brnčić, Mladen ; Vukičević, Slobodan

Izvornik
Collegium Antropologicum (0350-6134) 35 (2011), 2; 557-563

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Biomechanical testing; threepoint bending test; indentation test; bone

Sažetak
Sevelamer hydrochloride is used for ten years in patients on dialysis as a phosphate binder.We have previously shown that oral application of sevelamer prevents the bone loss and increases the bone volume in ovariectomized rats1. In this study we further analysed the biomechanical properties of bones from rats treated with sevelamer utilizing a threepoint bending test to determine the mechanical properties of the cortical bone of the mid-shaft femur, while the indentation test was used to determine the mechanical properties of cancellous bone in the marrow cavity of the distal femoral metaphysis. Parameters analyzed included: maximum load (Fu), stiffness (S), energy absorbed (W), toughness (T) and ultimate strength (s). The intrinsic properties, stress, elastic modulus and toughness were determined from measured maximum load, strains, stiffness, energy absorbed, outer and inner diameters, and calculated bone cross-sectional moment of inertia. Sevelamer was given to rats for 25 weeks with a content of 3% of sevelamer in a standard diet, starting immediately following ovariectomy (OVX). Animals were divided to the following groups: (1) Sham ; (2) Sham + sevelamer 3% ; (3) OVX ; (4) OVX + sevelamer 3%. Our results showed that sevelamer particularly influenced the rat trabecular bone by increasing the maximum load for 26.2%, energy absorbed for 24.2% and the ultimate strength for 26.2% in sham animals treated with sevelamer 3%, as compared to sham rats. Sevelamer 3% in OVX rats also increased the maximum load for 71.4%, stiffness for 70.7%, energy absorbed for 55.9% and the ultimate strength for 71.3% as compared to OVX controls. In the three bending test sevelamer had a very little effect on preventing loss of bone strenght in the cortical bone. These results collectively suggest that sevelamer improves bone biomechanical properties, mainly affecting trabecular bone quality in both normal and ovariectomized rats.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti, Kliničke medicinske znanosti, Biotehnologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
058-0581846-0422 - Pripremanje sirovina i određivanje teksturalnih svojstava prehrambenih proizvoda (Damir Ježek, )
058-0581846-0717 - Primjena ultrazvuka u prehrambenoj tehnologiji i biotehnologiji (Branko Tripalo, )
108-1080327-0320 - Uloga TSH u modelu osteoporoze i u bolesnica sa smanjenom koštanom masom (Slobodan Vukičević, )
120-0362321-2198 - Numerička i eksperimentalna istraživanja nelinearnih mehaničkih sustava (Hinko Wolf, )

Ustanove
Prehrambeno-biotehnološki fakultet, Zagreb,
Medicinski fakultet, Zagreb,
Fakultet strojarstva i brodogradnje, Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Social Science Citation Index (SSCI)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


Uključenost u ostale bibliografske baze podataka:


  • Anthropological Literature
  • International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS)
  • MEDLINE
  • Scopus
  • INIST - CNRS