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The Role of the Vlax Roma in Shaping the European Romani Maternal Genetic History


Peričić Salihović, Marijana; Barešić, Ana; Martinović Klarić, Irena; Cukrov, Salvena; Barać Lauc, Lovorka; Janićijević, Branka
The Role of the Vlax Roma in Shaping the European Romani Maternal Genetic History // American journal of physical anthropology, 146 (2011), 2; 262-270 doi:10.1002/ajpa.21566 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
The Role of the Vlax Roma in Shaping the European Romani Maternal Genetic History

Autori
Peričić Salihović, Marijana ; Barešić, Ana ; Martinović Klarić, Irena ; Cukrov, Salvena ; Barać Lauc, Lovorka ; Janićijević, Branka

Izvornik
American journal of physical anthropology (0002-9483) 146 (2011), 2; 262-270

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
MtDNA haplogroups; Roma; Vlax Roma

Sažetak
The Roma are comprised of many foundergroups of common Indian origins but different socio-culturalcharacteristics. The Vlax Roma are one of the founderRoma populations characterized by a period of bondage inthe historic Romanian principalities, and by the archaicRomanian language. Demographic history suggests differentmigration routes of Roma populations, especially aftertheir arrival in Mesopotamia and the eastern boundary ofthe Byzantine Empire. Although various genetic studies ofuniparental genetic markers showed a connection betweenRoma genetic legacy and their migration routes, precisesampling of Roma populations elucidates this relationshipin more detail. In this study, we analyzed mitochondrialDNA of 384 Croatian Vlax Roma from two geographic locationsin the context of 734 European Roma samples. Ourresults show that Roma migration routes are marked with two Near-Eastern haplogroups, X2 and U3, whose inverseproportional incidence clearly separates the Balkan andthe Vlax Roma from other Roma populations that reachedEurope as part of the first migration wave. Spatial andtemporal characteristics of these haplogroups indicate apossibility of their admixture with Roma populations beforearrival in Europe. Distribution of haplogroup M35 indicatesthat all Vlax Roma populations descend from one singlefounder population that might even reach back to theoriginal ancestral Indian population. Founder effects followedby strict endogamy rules can be traced from India tocontemporary small, local communities, as in the case oftwo Croatian Vlax Roma populations that show clear populationdifferentiation despite similar origins and shared demographichistory.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biologija, Etnologija i antropologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
076-0762385-2375 - Utjecaj migracija na regionalni razvoj Hrvatske (Ivan Lajić, )
196-1962766-2763 - Molekularno-genetička obilježja populacija utemeljitelja - Romi kao model (Branka Janićijević, )

Ustanove
Institut za antropologiju

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • Social Science Citation Index (SSCI)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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