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Lignans, Total Phenols and Antioxidant Activity of Selected Cereal Grains Compared to Flaxseed


Čukelj, Nikolina; Smerdel, Bojana; Novotni, Dubravka; Ćurić, Duška
Lignans, Total Phenols and Antioxidant Activity of Selected Cereal Grains Compared to Flaxseed // Proceedings of 7th International Congress of Food Technologists, Biotechnologists and Nutritionists / Medić, Helga (ur.).
Zagreb: Croatian Society of Food Technologists, Biotechnologists and Nutritionists, 2011. str. 120-124 (poster, međunarodna recenzija, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni)


Naslov
Lignans, Total Phenols and Antioxidant Activity of Selected Cereal Grains Compared to Flaxseed

Autori
Čukelj, Nikolina ; Smerdel, Bojana ; Novotni, Dubravka ; Ćurić, Duška

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u zbornicima skupova, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni

Izvornik
Proceedings of 7th International Congress of Food Technologists, Biotechnologists and Nutritionists / Medić, Helga - Zagreb : Croatian Society of Food Technologists, Biotechnologists and Nutritionists, 2011, 120-124

ISBN
978-953-99725-4-5

Skup
7th International Congress of Food Technologists, Biotechnologists and Nutritionists

Mjesto i datum
Opatija, Hrvatska, 20-23.9.2011

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Cereals; flaxseed; lignans; total phenolic content; antioxidant capacity

Sažetak
Among broad spectrum of known phenolics, there is a class of non-steroidal estrogenic compounds called phytoestrogens, including lignans as one of the subgroup compounds. Besides the (anti)estrogen effect, lignans are thought to possess antioxidant activity. The richest known source of food lignans is flaxseed. Thus, in this work we determined the lignan content, total phenols and antioxidant activity of selected cereal grains (wheat, barley, rye, and oat) and compared them with flaxseed as the potential enriching ingredient in bakery products. Lignans were quantified by gas chromatography-electron capture detection (GC-ECD), total phenols determined by Folin-Ciocalteu method and antioxidant capacity evaluated using DPPH (2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) assay. The results show that cereal grains contain more than two hundred times lower amount of lignans than flaxseed, but contain lignan syringaresinol that was not detected in flaxseed. Total phenolic content in cereal grain was found to be in range 256 ± 2.4 to 408 ± 3.6 mg ferulic acid equivalent/100 g, while in flaxseed was 1286 ± 146.8 mg ferulic acid equivalent/100 g. Additionally, flaxseed showed stronger DPPH radical scavenging capacity compared to cereals. The addition of flaxseed could contribute to the overall functional aspect of the bakery products by increasing the level of health promoting components. Future work will show the limits of use, considering the flaxseed laxative properties, content of cyanogenic glucosides and influence on product textural and sensory properties.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Prehrambena tehnologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
058-0580696-0702 - Lignani u žitaricama, uljaricama, soji i integralnim pekarskim proizvodima (Duška Ćurić, )

Ustanove
Prehrambeno-biotehnološki fakultet, Zagreb