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Towards novel modular polyketide synthases – lessons learnt from evolution


Cullum, John; Zucko, Jurica; Starcevic, Antonio; Diminic, Janko; Lisfi, Mohamed; Long F Paul; Hranueli, Daslav
Towards novel modular polyketide synthases – lessons learnt from evolution // CIPKEBIP Annual Conference 2011 Program "Biosynthetic and metabolic engineering in industrial drug and process development" / Livija Tušar, Enej Kuščer, Hrvoje Petković, Dušan Turk (ur.).
Ljubljana, Slovenia: Centre of Excellence for Integrated Approaches in Chemistry and Biology of Protein, 2011. str. 9-9 (pozvano predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, ostalo)


Naslov
Towards novel modular polyketide synthases – lessons learnt from evolution

Autori
Cullum, John ; Zucko, Jurica ; Starcevic, Antonio ; Diminic, Janko ; Lisfi, Mohamed ; Long F Paul ; Hranueli, Daslav

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, ostalo

Izvornik
CIPKEBIP Annual Conference 2011 Program "Biosynthetic and metabolic engineering in industrial drug and process development" / Livija Tušar, Enej Kuščer, Hrvoje Petković, Dušan Turk - Ljubljana, Slovenia : Centre of Excellence for Integrated Approaches in Chemistry and Biology of Protein, 2011, 9-9

Skup
CIPKEBIP Annual Conference, Second Annual Conference

Mjesto i datum
Ljubljana, Slovenia, 15-16.09.2011

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Pozvano predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Modular polyketide synthases (PKS); PKS evolution; software package CompGen; r-CSDB database

Sažetak
Modular polyketide synthases (PKS) have attracted a lot of attention as a target for creating novel pharmaceutical products. Although there has been success in manipulating decorating enzymes, most attempts to modify the polyketide backbone have resulted in very low product yields making them of no commercial interest. As there is a vast diversity of natural polyketides, it is interesting to examine how modular polyketides evolve in nature. Most attempts to modify PKS in vitro have exchanged single domains. Examination of the ratio of synonomous/non-synonomous codon changes between different PKS modules shows that there is very strong purifying selection. This would explain why the non-natural junctions created by in vitro approaches are so deleterious and suggest a strategy of preserving natural junction sequences, which could be implemented by appropriate bioinformatic methods. The study of the evolution of modular PKS has been dominated by the observation that the ketosynthase domains (KS) form cluster-specific groupings in phylogenetic trees whereas the acyl transferase (AT) domains are grouped according to substrate incorporated. This discordance has sometimes been interpreted as evidence of extensive horizontal gene transfer. Our studies showed that this phenomenon could be more easily explained by a high frequency of gene conversion within clusters. Once this was understood, it was possible to reexamine the mechanisms of modular PKS evolution. We suggest that a major mechanism utilises homologous recombination systems for single cross overs between clusters. This would generate radically new polyketide backbones. Modelling of homologous recombination in silico provides a novel strategy for generating new polyketide backbones with natural junctions, which are likely to synthesise products in reasonable yields. A software package CompGen was developed to model homologous recombination and predict the chemical structures of novel compounds produced by recombinants. Examples of predicted recombinants and their products are presented in the r-CSDB database. Methods are available to allow the efficient production of recombinants in the laboratory.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biotehnologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
058-0000000-3475 - Generiranje potencijalnih lijekova u uvjetima in silico (Daslav Hranueli, )

Ustanove
Prehrambeno-biotehnološki fakultet, Zagreb