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Vlax Roma in Croatia - signs of endogamy in maternal gene pool


Peričić Salihović, Marijana; Barešić, Ana; Martinović Klarić, Irena; Barać Lauc, Lovorka; Janićijević, Branka
Vlax Roma in Croatia - signs of endogamy in maternal gene pool // European Journal of Human Genetics / van Ommen, G-J B (ur.).
Amsterdam, Nizozemska: Nature Publishing Group, 2011. str. 342-342 (poster, nije recenziran, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Vlax Roma in Croatia - signs of endogamy in maternal gene pool

Autori
Peričić Salihović, Marijana ; Barešić, Ana ; Martinović Klarić, Irena ; Barać Lauc, Lovorka ; Janićijević, Branka

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
European Journal of Human Genetics / Van Ommen, G-J B - : Nature Publishing Group, 2011, 342-342

Skup
European Human Genetic Conference 2011

Mjesto i datum
Amsterdam, Nizozemska, 28-31.05.2011

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Nije recenziran

Ključne riječi
Roma; mtDNA; founder effect

Sažetak
Vlax Roma are a branch of Romani people who were enslaved in the historic Romanian states Wallachia and Moldavia between 14th and 19th centuries. After Roma slavery was abolished, larger Vlax Roma groups immigrated to Croatia. Since Roma population is made of numerous socio- cultural endogamous groups, we investigated the extent of fragmentation of Vlax Roma in Croatia by analysing hyper variable segment I (HVS-I) and typing relevant RFLP sites in the mitochondrial DNA of 390 Bayash from two Croatian regions: Baranja (235) and Medjimurje (155). Diversity indexes point to higher level of variation among Vlax Roma settled in Eastern (Baranja) than in Northwestern Croatia (Medjimurje). The analysis of mismatch distribution clearly points to differences in demographic changes of these two subpopulations. Those results are in concordance with field research data on residence patterns indicating higher endogamy in Northwestern than Eastern Croatia. Interestingly, collected sociocultural data point to absence of marriage unions between Vlax Roma from Eastern and North-western Croatia, indicating that shared mtDNA lineages are a result of common gene pole that predates their separation in Croatia. Despite similar origins and shared demographic history of two Croatian Vlax Roma populations, founder effect followed by strict endogamy shaped their evident population differentiation.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biologija, Etnologija i antropologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
196-1962766-2763 - Molekularno-genetička obilježja populacija utemeljitelja - Romi kao model (Branka Janićijević, )

Ustanove
Institut za antropologiju

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE