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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 520802

"Houses of The Rich and The Poor in The Medieval Town: an exemple of Trogir (Croatia) 13th-15th century"


Plosnić Škarić, Ana
"Houses of The Rich and The Poor in The Medieval Town: an exemple of Trogir (Croatia) 13th-15th century" // IMC Leeds 2011
Leeds: University of Leeds, 2011. str. 1220-1220 (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
"Houses of The Rich and The Poor in The Medieval Town: an exemple of Trogir (Croatia) 13th-15th century"

Autori
Plosnić Škarić, Ana

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
IMC Leeds 2011 / - Leeds : University of Leeds, 2011, 1220-1220

Skup
International Medieval Congress Leeds 2011 "Rich...Poor"

Mjesto i datum
Leeds, Velika Britanija, 11.07-15.07.2011

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Srednjovjekovna stambena arhitektura ; arhivska građa
(Medival residential architecutre ; archives)

Sažetak
Our research covers contemporary written testimonies from local archive and medieval houses that are still preserved. The remains of huge pre-communal complexes cum curte et turri can still be discerned in civitate Tragurii. They were built in the most important parts of the town – around the main square and near the city walls. In those times all the members of a family lineages used to live together with their servants. We assume that those assemblies were built by the members of the same distinguished lineages whose descendants, patricians, are recorded as their owners in the 13th century. In that century the members did not live together any more, but each one in a separated household. So those pre-communal assemblies were divided and from 13th – 15th century we usually find its parts as a property of the few members of the same lineage. They were also trying to enlarge them by purchasing adjacent houses. They often managed to shape an complex with the court, but much smaller then those pre-communal ones. Those complexes were remodelled within demands of new, gothic style – meaning embedding of new architectural sculpture on the main façade and building a porch in the court, while most of the older structures remained intact. Those patricians tried to keep that property within the family witch sometimes wasn't possible because of the lack of male heir. In those cases their complexes would usually became a property of another patrician family (either as dowry or through a selling contract). Patricians usually had - in civitate - one or more other houses for lease and even empty parcels. The poor ones would rent the house (or a part of it) or a parcel to build a wooden house on it. The mid- class members – mainly craftsmen or merchants – also had their stone houses in the town, but they were much smaller, with modest architectural sculpture and without a court. Most of them were never rebuilt – so there are several Romanesque houses still preserved in Trogir. A land for building a medieval suburb – burgus – was purchased by the earthwork during 13th century. The patricians undertook the project and than divided the land between themselves. They used to hire out those parcels to the poor to build the wooden houses on. Through the 15th century there were still 80% wooden houses in burgo – most of them were still built on the hired parcels – and only 20% stone houses. None of the patrician ever lived in that part of the town.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Arhitektura i urbanizam, Povijest umjetnosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
020-0202684-2691 - Arhitektura i urbanizam hrvatskoga kasnog srednjovjekovlja (Danko Zelić, )

Ustanove
Institut za povijest umjetnosti, Zagreb

Autor s matičnim brojem:
Ana Plosnić Škarić, (236864)