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Improving the RES absorption capacity of the Macedonian energy system


Ćosić, Boris; Markovska, Nataša; Taseska, Verica; Krajačić, Goran; Duić, Neven
Improving the RES absorption capacity of the Macedonian energy system // Proceedings of 24th International Conference on Efficiency, Cost, Optimization, Simulation and Environmental Impact of Energy Systems / Milorad Bojic ... [et al.] (ur.).
Niš, 2011. str. 2556-2564 (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni)


Naslov
Improving the RES absorption capacity of the Macedonian energy system

Autori
Ćosić, Boris ; Markovska, Nataša ; Taseska, Verica ; Krajačić, Goran ; Duić, Neven

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u zbornicima skupova, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni

Izvornik
Proceedings of 24th International Conference on Efficiency, Cost, Optimization, Simulation and Environmental Impact of Energy Systems / Milorad Bojic ... [et al.] - Niš, 2011, 2556-2564

ISBN
978-86-6055-016-5

Skup
International Conference on Efficiency, Cost, Optimization, Simulation and Environmental Impact of Energy Systems

Mjesto i datum
Novi Sad, Srbija, 04-07.07.2011

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Renewable energy; GHG emissions; Energy system analysis; Energy planning; EnergyPLAN model.

Sažetak
The share of energy from renewable energy sources (RES) in the final gross energy consumption in Macedonia is about 14%, mostly due to the electricity produced by large hydro power plants and the use of biomass for heating. Macedonian energy sector is the main emitter of greenhouses gases (GHG) with share of about 70 % in the total annual emissions. Also, 70-75 % of emissions are associated with the electricity generation due to the predominant role of the lignite fuelled power plants. Recently, the government has adopted a strategy for the use of RES which identifies a target of 21% of final energy consumption from RES by 2020. In this paper analyses are conducted in order to investigate to which extent and in which way the absorption capacity of the power system for RES electricity can be improved. For this purpose, combining various conventional and RES technologies, including pump storage hydro power plant and revitalisation of the existing lignite power plants six scenarios for the power system expansion are developed by making use of EnergyPLAN model. Critical excess of electricity (CEEP) analyses are conducted in order to identify the maximal penetration of wind electricity. The results have shown that in the exiting capacities maximal penetration of wind electricity in 2020 is 13 % of total electricity consumption. The revitalization of the existing lignite power plants and building of pump storage power plant would increase the wind penetration. Furthermore, the developed scenarios are comparatively assessed in terms of the associated greenhouse gases emissions and import of electricity.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Strojarstvo



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
120-1201918-1920 - Racionalno skladištenje energije za održivi razvoj energetike (Neven Duić, )

Ustanove
Fakultet strojarstva i brodogradnje, Zagreb