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Homology Modeling of Smoothened Protein and Structural Analysis of Its Activating Mutations


Ozretić, Petar; Musani, Vesna; Sabol, Maja; Car, Diana; Levanat, Sonja
Homology Modeling of Smoothened Protein and Structural Analysis of Its Activating Mutations // Abstracts of the 36th FEBS Congress / Perham, Richard (ur.).
Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011. str. 124-124 (poster, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Homology Modeling of Smoothened Protein and Structural Analysis of Its Activating Mutations

Autori
Ozretić, Petar ; Musani, Vesna ; Sabol, Maja ; Car, Diana ; Levanat, Sonja

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Abstracts of the 36th FEBS Congress / Perham, Richard - Oxford : Wiley-Blackwell, 2011, 124-124

Skup
36th FEBS Congress

Mjesto i datum
Torino, Italija, 25-30.06.2011.

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Smoothened; GPCR; comparartive modeling; 3D structure; mutations

Sažetak
Smoothened protein, encoded by the SMO gene of the Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway, belongs to class F (Frizzled/Smoothened) of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), superfamily of integral membrane proteins encoded by about 5% of human genes. Although tertiary structural information is crucial for function annotation and potential drug design, the three dimensional structure of Smoothened protein has not been experimentally determined yet. Because of that, homology modeling is a helpful technique to reveal its tertiary structure. In inactive Hh pathway, Smoothened is repressed by Protein patched homolog 1 (Ptch) until ligand Sonic hedgehog homolog (Shh) binds to Ptch. Some Smoothened amino acid changes act as activating missense mutations (e.g. Trp535Leu and Arg562Gln) that can lead to unregulated activation of the Hedgehog signaling pathway and therefore to cancer, what was shown in sporadic basal-cell carcinoma. We used de novo protein structure prediction and comparative modeling by using known X-ray structures of GPCRs as templates (rhodopsin, β1-adrenergic receptor, Frizzled) to model tertiary structure of Smoothened. The best predicted 3D model was then used to investigate how polymorphisms and known activating mutations, found in basal cell carcinoma, could affect the structure and stability of the protein. This modeled three dimensional structure of Smoothened protein could be further used to identify the possible mechanism of Smoothened inhibition by plant-derived teratogen cyclopamine and then virtual screening of compound libraries can be performed to find new potential antagonists of Smoothened protein, which could be used as therapeutic agents.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
098-0982464-2461 - Prijenos signala u tumorima: Hh-Gli put, interakcije i potencijalne terapije (Sonja Levanat, )

Ustanove
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE