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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 50897

Microstructure Evolution of an Equimolar Powder Mixture of ZrO2-TiO2 during High-Energy Ball-Milling and Post-Annealing


Stubičar, Mirko; Bermanec, Vladimir; Stubičar, Nada; Kudrnovski, Davor; Krumes, Dragomir
Microstructure Evolution of an Equimolar Powder Mixture of ZrO2-TiO2 during High-Energy Ball-Milling and Post-Annealing // Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 316 (2001), 1-2; 316-320 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


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Naslov
Microstructure Evolution of an Equimolar Powder Mixture of ZrO2-TiO2 during High-Energy Ball-Milling and Post-Annealing

Autori
Stubičar, Mirko ; Bermanec, Vladimir ; Stubičar, Nada ; Kudrnovski, Davor ; Krumes, Dragomir

Izvornik
Journal of Alloys and Compounds (0925-8388) 316 (2001), 1-2; 316-320

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Synthesis of ZrTiO4; Amorphous and crystalline powder phases; ZrO2-TiO2 crystalline equimolar mixture; High-energy dry ball-mill and post-anneal processing; X-ray diffraction.

Sažetak
High-energy dry ball-mill and post-anneal processing were applied to synthesise ZrTiO4 oxide powder from an equimolar TiO2-ZrO2 powder mixture. X-ray diffraction was used to identify structural changes in the milled and the subsequently post-annealed samples. Applied milling assemblies, vials and balls made of WC-Co hard-metal and also of agate materials, were successful in such way that a fully amorphous structure appeared in the samples if milling lasted long enough. The milling time required for complete disordering was almost five times longer with the agate assembly (about 50 hours) in comparison with the WC-Co one (about 10 hours). Also, the hard-metal assembly incorporated in the milled samples some amount of a WC impurity due to contamination, whereas contamination of samples by agate material was not observed by XRD. The preparation of the crystalline ZrTiO4 powder phase from the amorphous one, was possible if the samples were exposed to a subsequent heat treatment. The structural transformations occurring during heating the samples went in two different ways depending upon the previously used milling assembly. In the first case annealing of samples performed for one hour at 650 oC caused a structural transformation of the WC phase into the WO3 phase, whereas this temperature was not high enough to allow the crystallisation of the amorphous ZrTiO4. Annealing of the samples at 900 oC for 1 hour caused complete crystallisation of the amorphous powder into the crystalline ZrTiO4 phase, without any evidence of the presence of the former W-base phases. Apparently this temperature favoured the formation of the solid solution of the WO3 phase in the ZrTiO4 crystalline phase. The crystallisation of the amorphous ZrTiO4 phase in samples milled in an agate assembly was possible even at 650 oC, although at this temperature it was a very slow process, and prolonged annealing time was necessary. If the samples, milled in an agate assembly up to 50 hours, were heated at 900 oC for one hour, they can fully transform into the crystalline ZrTiO4 phase.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kemija, Strojarstvo



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
119495
152001
152003
152007

Ustanove
Prirodoslovno-matematički fakultet, Zagreb,
Strojarski fakultet, Slavonski Brod

Citiraj ovu publikaciju

Stubičar, Mirko; Bermanec, Vladimir; Stubičar, Nada; Kudrnovski, Davor; Krumes, Dragomir
Microstructure Evolution of an Equimolar Powder Mixture of ZrO2-TiO2 during High-Energy Ball-Milling and Post-Annealing // Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 316 (2001), 1-2; 316-320 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)
Stubičar, M., Bermanec, V., Stubičar, N., Kudrnovski, D. & Krumes, D. (2001) Microstructure Evolution of an Equimolar Powder Mixture of ZrO2-TiO2 during High-Energy Ball-Milling and Post-Annealing. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 316 (1-2), 316-320.
@article{article, year = {2001}, pages = {316-320}, keywords = {Synthesis of ZrTiO4, Amorphous and crystalline powder phases, ZrO2-TiO2 crystalline equimolar mixture, High-energy dry ball-mill and post-anneal processing, X-ray diffraction.}, journal = {Journal of Alloys and Compounds}, volume = {316}, number = {1-2}, issn = {0925-8388}, title = {Microstructure Evolution of an Equimolar Powder Mixture of ZrO2-TiO2 during High-Energy Ball-Milling and Post-Annealing}, keyword = {Synthesis of ZrTiO4, Amorphous and crystalline powder phases, ZrO2-TiO2 crystalline equimolar mixture, High-energy dry ball-mill and post-anneal processing, X-ray diffraction.} }

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus