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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 505714

Modeling of ozone and hydrogen peroxide in air


Pehnec, Gordana; Klasinc, Leo; Cvitaš, Tomislav; Vađić, Vladimira; Šorgo, Glenda
Modeling of ozone and hydrogen peroxide in air // Croatica chemica acta, 83 (2010), 4; 433-438 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Modeling of ozone and hydrogen peroxide in air

Autori
Pehnec, Gordana ; Klasinc, Leo ; Cvitaš, Tomislav ; Vađić, Vladimira ; Šorgo, Glenda

Izvornik
Croatica chemica acta (0011-1643) 83 (2010), 4; 433-438

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Free radicals; Master Mechanism model; nitrogen dioxide; peroxides; photochemical smog

Sažetak
Ozone (O3) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) volume fractions were calculated using the Master Mechanism (MM) model, author S. Madronich (NCAR, Boulder, CO, USA). MM is an atmospheric “box” model program for calculating the time evolution of atmospheric composition from initial amounts of atmospheric gases under chosen or varying conditions using reaction rate data and other physicochemical parameters. The photolysis coefficients were calculated using the Tropospheric Ultraviolet Visible (TUV) program of the same author. Data gathered during the field measurements in 200419 and modeled with the MM program20 are used here to determine how gradual increase of one initial value of the following eight quantities: NO2, CO, VOC (i.e. some volatile organic compounds), BTX (i.e. benzene, toluene, xylenes), H2O2, O3, temperature and relative humidity, will in the MM modeling affect the volume fractions of either ozone or hydrogen peroxide. According to the model, H2O2 volume fractions in air increase with higher relative humidity and higher initial values of CO, VOC, BTX, H2O2 and O3, and only decrease by NO2. On the other hand, ozone volume fractions do rise with the increase of initial volume fractions of NO2, as well as of CO, VOC, BTX, H2O2 and O3. Temperature does not have any significant influence on the formation of H2O2 and O3. The results also may explain the considerably higher ozone values measured at the airport than in the city of Zagreb.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Kemija, Javno zdravstvo i zdravstvena zaštita



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
022-0222882-2338 - Karcinogena i potencijalno karcinogena onečišćenja u zraku (Vladimira Vađić, )
098-0982915-2947 - Mjerenje i djelovanje atmosferskih oksidansa (Leo Klasinc, )

Ustanove
Institut za medicinska istraživanja i medicinu rada, Zagreb,
Institut "Ruđer Bošković", Zagreb

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus