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Genetic History and Local Notions of Identity: The case of the Bayash from Croatia


Martinović Klarić, Irena; Peričić Salihović, Marijana; Branka Janićijević, Branka
Genetic History and Local Notions of Identity: The case of the Bayash from Croatia // Beyond Essentialisms: Challenges of Anthropology in the 21st Century / Pernačič, Radharani ; Klaus, Simona ; Lipovec Čebron, Uršula (ur.).
Ljubljana: University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Arts, 2010. str. 55-55 (predavanje, međunarodna recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Genetic History and Local Notions of Identity: The case of the Bayash from Croatia

Autori
Martinović Klarić, Irena ; Peričić Salihović, Marijana ; Branka Janićijević, Branka

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Beyond Essentialisms: Challenges of Anthropology in the 21st Century / Pernačič, Radharani ; Klaus, Simona ; Lipovec Čebron, Uršula - Ljubljana : University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Arts, 2010, 55-55

ISBN
978-961-237-390-0

Skup
Beyond Essentialisms: Challenges of Anthropology in the 21st Century

Mjesto i datum
Ljubljana, Slovenija, 25. do 28. 11. 2010

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Predavanje

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Identity; Bayash

Sažetak
In this paper we will address the case of the Bayash which represent a branch of Romanian speaking Roma living dispersedly in Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe. In order to start unveiling the genetic history of the Bayash, Y chromosome lineages from Bayash men settled in Northwestern and Eastern Croatia were analyzed and compared with those from European Romani and non-Romani majority populations. Two main layers of Bayash paternal gene pool were identified: ancestral (Indian) and recent (European). The reduced diversity and ancient expansion signals of the ancestral layer suggest a small number of genetically related founders who could have split from one caste or tribe between the 8th and 10th centuries AD, in an unspecified region of the Indian subcontinent. On the other hand, variability of the recent layer mirrors different intensities of gene flow between the Bayash and surrounding Balkan majority populations, most likely during the earlier phase on their migratory route from Southern Balkans via Romania to Croatia. However, the most prominent characteristics of the Bayash and general Romani paternal gene pool is the strong signature of genetic drift, most likely a consequence of a profound founder effect followed by a string of bottleneck events and partitioning into multiple, often mobile groups which were necessary to cope not only with the Indian exodus, but also with various forms of social and economic pressures in historic and modern-day Europe. This peculiar combination of genetic homogeneity and heterogeneity as well as the imprints of endogamy and exogamy in the Bayash and Romani paternal genetic heritage reveal a multifaceted pattern of genetic history which becomes particularly intriguing when it is addressed in the context of local narratives and collective memory regarding the origins and the sense of belonging, relatedness and identity which are often changeable, flexible, subtle, and/or blurred.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Biologija, Etnologija i antropologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
076-0762385-2375 - Utjecaj migracija na regionalni razvoj Hrvatske (Ivan Lajić, )
196-1962766-2763 - Molekularno-genetička obilježja populacija utemeljitelja - Romi kao model (Branka Janićijević, )

Ustanove
Institut za migracije i narodnosti, Zagreb,
Institut za antropologiju