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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 496876

Efficiency of phenotypic and DNA markers for a genetic diversity study of alfalfa

Tucak, Marijana; Popović, Svetislav; Čupić, Tihomir; Grljušić, Sonja; Meglič, Vladimir; Jurković, Zorica
Efficiency of phenotypic and DNA markers for a genetic diversity study of alfalfa // Russian journal of genetics, 46 (2010), 11; 1314-1319 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)

Efficiency of phenotypic and DNA markers for a genetic diversity study of alfalfa

Tucak, Marijana ; Popović, Svetislav ; Čupić, Tihomir ; Grljušić, Sonja ; Meglič, Vladimir ; Jurković, Zorica

Russian journal of genetics (1022-7954) 46 (2010), 11; 1314-1319

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Alfalfa; morpho-agronomic traits; RAPD markers; genetic distance; multivariate analyses

Information on genetic diversity and germplasm characterization is essential for successful crop improvement. Diverse data sets (pedigree, morphological, biochemical, DNA based-markers) are employed in various aspects of plant analysis. The objective of this study was to determine the efficiency of phenotypic and RAPD markers in diversity assessment of ten alfalfa (Medicago spp.) accessions from Europe, North America and Australia. Field experiment was designed as a randomised complete block with three replications over two consecutive years (2004, 2005) at one location. Twelve morpho-agronomic traits were recorded on 50 plants per each accession. Genomic DNA’s from 16–20 randomly selected individual plants per accession were used for RAPD analysis. Six primers selected in this study generated a total of 93 polymorphic RAPD bands. The number of polymorphic bands detected per primer ranged from 11 to 20. Genetic distances (GD) among investigated accessions and two-dimensional principal coordinate analysis (2D PCoA) based on phenotypic and molecular data were obtained. The average GD between (0.283–0.416) and within (0.247–0.332) accessions based on RAPD data was higher than GD values obtained by morpho-agronomic traits (0.171–0.354 and 0.157–0.261, respectively). 2D PCoA based on GD from RAPD data grouped most of the studied individual plants to four clusters according to their geographical or taxonomy origin. 2D PCoA based only on morpho-agronomic data did not group plants congruently to their origin, probably due to a strong environmental influence on studied traits. Our results indicated that the RAPD markers were effective in assessing genetic diversity within and between studied alfalfa accessions. In addition, the obtained results suggested that the RAPD markers might be useful for grouping of germplasm with similar genetic background and for pre-screening of potential heterotic groups in our breeding programme.

Izvorni jezik

Znanstvena područja
Poljoprivreda (agronomija), Biotehnologija


Projekt / tema
073-0000000-3535 - Procjena oplemenjivačke vrijednosti germplazme lucerne (Medicago spp.) (Svetislav Popović, )

Poljoprivredni institut Osijek

Časopis indeksira:

  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus

Uključenost u ostale bibliografske baze podataka:

  • BIOSIS Previews (Biological Abstracts)
  • CAB Abstracts
  • Academic OneFile, Academic Search, Biological Abstracts, Biotechnology Citation Index, CAB International, Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS), CSA/Proquest, Current Abstracts, EBSCO, EMBiology, Gale, Global Health, Google Scholar, IBIDS, INIS Atomindex, OCLC, SCOPUS,