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Electrokinetic Phenomena of Cationized Cotton with EPTAC


Grancarić, Anamarija; Tarbuk, Anita; Ujević, Darko; Petrak, Slavenka
Electrokinetic Phenomena of Cationized Cotton with EPTAC // The Textile Institute Centenary Conference / Weber, Andreas (ur.).
Manchester: Textile Institute, 2010. str. 2532-2547 (poster, međunarodna recenzija, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni)


Naslov
Electrokinetic Phenomena of Cationized Cotton with EPTAC

Autori
Grancarić, Anamarija ; Tarbuk, Anita ; Ujević, Darko ; Petrak, Slavenka

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u zbornicima skupova, cjeloviti rad (in extenso), znanstveni

Izvornik
The Textile Institute Centenary Conference / Weber, Andreas - Manchester : Textile Institute, 2010, 2532-2547

ISBN
978-1-61782-270-4

Skup
87th Textile Institute World Conference 2010

Mjesto i datum
Manchester, Velika Britanija, 3-4.11.2010

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Međunarodna recenzija

Ključne riječi
Cationized cotton; zeta potential; surface charge; fabric sewability

Sažetak
The systematic study of interface phenomena, that include electrokinetic phenomena, lead to knowledge of the mechanisms in textile processes setting the base that can be used to predict fabric behaviour in the wet finishing. Textiles are characterized by its inner and outer structure and functional groups. Specific adsorption of ions or dissociation of the surface groups in aqueous solution results with their surface charge. Cotton fibres, like most textile fibres, have negative electric charge in neutral and alkali aqueous solutions. Therefore, the adsorption of anionic textile auxiliaries, dyestuffs, optical brighteners and finishing agents is quite difficult. These repulsive forces may be overcome by addition of large electrolyte amounts what is economically and ecologically unfavourable ; or by fibre modifications. Cationization of cotton change surface charge and electrokinetic potential, significantly increasing its adsorption properties. The present paper investigates the electrokinetic phenomena (electrokinetic potential and specific amount of surface charge) of cotton knitted fabric cationized with 2, 3-epoxypropyl trimethyl ammonium chloride (EPTAC) before, during and after mercerization process. Additionally, the influence of cationization to fabric sewability was investigated. By comparing mercerized and cationized cotton, it was found that cationized cotton retains all the beneficial properties of mercerized cotton with a change of surface charge that ensures further quality improvement.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Tekstilna tehnologija



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
117-1171879-1887 - Antropometrijska mjerenja i prilagodba sustava veličina odjeće (Darko Ujević, )
117-1171879-1894 - Inteligentna odjeća i okruženje (Dubravko Rogale, )
117-1252971-1367 - Međupovršinske pojave aktivnih multifunkcijskih tekstilnih materijala (Anamarija Grancarić, )

Ustanove
Tekstilno-tehnološki fakultet, Zagreb