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Common variants at ten genomic loci influence hemoglobin A1C levels via glycemic and non-glycemic pathways


Soranzo, Nicole; ...; Polašek, Ozren; ...; Rudan, Igor; ...
Common variants at ten genomic loci influence hemoglobin A1C levels via glycemic and non-glycemic pathways // Diabetes (New York, N.Y.), 59 (2010), 12; 3229-3239 doi:10.2337/db10-0502 (međunarodna recenzija, članak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Common variants at ten genomic loci influence hemoglobin A1C levels via glycemic and non-glycemic pathways

Autori
Soranzo, Nicole ; ... ; Polašek, Ozren ; ... ; Rudan, Igor ; ...

Izvornik
Diabetes (New York, N.Y.) (0012-1797) 59 (2010), 12; 3229-3239

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Radovi u časopisima, članak, znanstveni

Ključne riječi
Diabetes; meta-analysis; hba1c

Sažetak
Glycated hemoglobin (HbA(1C)), used to monitor and diagnose diabetes, is influenced by average glycemia over 2-3 months. Genetic factors affecting expression, turnover and abnormal glycation of hemoglobin could also be associated with increased levels of HbA(1C). It is uncertain to what extent such genetic variation influences diabetes classification based on HbA(1C) levels. Research Design and Methods - We studied associations with HbA(1C) in up to 46, 368 non-diabetic adults of European descent from 23 genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and 8 cohorts with de novo genotyped single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). We combined studies using inverse-variance meta-analysis and tested mediation by glycemia using conditional analyses. We estimated the global effect of HbA(1C) loci using a multi-locus risk score, and used net reclassification to estimate genetic effects on diabetes screening. Results - Ten loci reached genome-wide significant association with HbA(1C), including six new loci near FN3K (lead SNP/P-value, rs1046896/P=1.6×10(-26)), HFE (rs1800562/P=2.6×10(-20)), TMPRSS6 (rs855791/P=2.7×10(-14)), ANK1 (rs4737009/P=6.1×10(-12)), SPTA1 (rs2779116/P=2.8×10(-9)) and ATP11A/TUBGCP3 (rs7998202/P=5.2×10(-9)), and four known HbA(1C) loci: HK1 (rs16926246/P=3.1×10(-54)), MTNR1B (rs1387153/P=4.0×10(-11)), GCK (rs1799884/P=1.5×10(-20)) and G6PC2/ABCB11 (rs552976/P=8.2×10(-18)). We show that associations with HbA(1C) are partly a function of hyperglycemia associated with three of the ten loci (GCK, G6PC2 and MTNR1B). The seven non-glycemic loci accounted for a 0.19 (% HbA(1C)) difference between the extreme 10% tails of the risk score, and would reclassify ∼2% of a general white population screened for diabetes with HbA(1C). Conclusions - GWAS identified ten genetic loci reproducibly associated with HbA(1C). Six are novel and seven map to loci where rarer variants cause hereditary anemias and iron storage disorders. Common variants at these loci likely influence HbA(1C) levels via erythrocyte biology, and confer a small but detectable reclassification of diabetes diagnosis by HbA(1C).

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti, Kliničke medicinske znanosti, Javno zdravstvo i zdravstvena zaštita

Napomena
The MAGIC consortium (176 koautora)



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
216-1080315-0302 - Odrednice zdravlja i bolesti u općoj i izoliranim ljudskim populacijama (Ozren Polašek, )

Ustanove
Medicinski fakultet, Split

Časopis indeksira:


  • Current Contents Connect (CCC)
  • Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC)
    • Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXP)
    • SCI-EXP, SSCI i/ili A&HCI
  • Scopus
  • MEDLINE


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