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Pregled bibliografske jedinice broj: 482260

Gangliosides of Selected Adult and Fetal Human Brain Regions : Composition and Structure Analysis


Marinčić, Dragana; Serb, Alina; Ghiulai, Roxana; Ivković, Vanja; Jeličić, Joško; Kos, Marina; Zamfir, Alina D.; Vukelić, Željka
Gangliosides of Selected Adult and Fetal Human Brain Regions : Composition and Structure Analysis // Book of Abstracts of the 10th Congress of the Croatian Society of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology with international participation "The secret life of biomolecules" (HDBMB2010) / Kovarik, Zrinka ; Varljen, Jadranka (ur.).
Rijeka: Croatian Society of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2010. str. 126-126 (poster, domaća recenzija, sažetak, znanstveni)


Naslov
Gangliosides of Selected Adult and Fetal Human Brain Regions : Composition and Structure Analysis

Autori
Marinčić, Dragana ; Serb, Alina ; Ghiulai, Roxana ; Ivković, Vanja ; Jeličić, Joško ; Kos, Marina ; Zamfir, Alina D. ; Vukelić, Željka

Vrsta, podvrsta i kategorija rada
Sažeci sa skupova, sažetak, znanstveni

Izvornik
Book of Abstracts of the 10th Congress of the Croatian Society of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology with international participation "The secret life of biomolecules" (HDBMB2010) / Kovarik, Zrinka ; Varljen, Jadranka - Rijeka : Croatian Society of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2010, 126-126

Skup
Congress of the Croatian Society of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology with international participation "The secret life of biomolecules" (10 ; 2010)

Mjesto i datum
Opatija, Hrvatska, 15.-18.09.2010

Vrsta sudjelovanja
Poster

Vrsta recenzije
Domaća recenzija

Ključne riječi
Gangliosides; human brain; mass spectrometry

Sažetak
As glycosphingolipid group, gangliosides (GG) are characterized by a sialylated carbohydrate chain attached to a ceramide moiety. These primarily plasma-membrane molecules are expressed as cell surface antigens and are highly abundant in mammalian brain tissues. They participate in cell signaling, adhesion, growth, differentiation, apoptosis etc. Since the amount and expression patterns of gangliosides specifically change during brain development, maturation, aging and due to diseases, they are considered as neurodevelopmental and pathobiochemical biomarkers. We present data of comparative composition and structure analysis of native GG mixtures and fractions of two functionally defined regions of human brain: the precentral gyrus (the primary motor cortex location) and the postcentral gyrus (the primary somatosensory cortex location) of adult brain and neocortical regions corresponding to prospective precentral and postcentral gyrus of fetal brain. Total gangliosides were isolated as native mixtures from tissue homogenates. High-performance thin-layer chromatography was used for both compositional analysis and preparative isolation of GG species for subsequent MS analysis. The analyses were performed on a high capacity ion trap ultra mass spectrometer coupled with a NanoMate robot. More than two times lower total GG concentrations were obtained in the fetal vs. adult brain regions. Differences were also observed in relative abundances of major GG fractions and individual species between fetal and adult brain regions, as well as between individual species in precental vs. postcental gyrus. Comparative MS screening of the analyzed native mixtures revealed highly complex ganglioside compositions. MS sequencing data providing structural determination of some characteristic species will be presented.

Izvorni jezik
Engleski

Znanstvena područja
Temeljne medicinske znanosti



POVEZANOST RADA


Projekt / tema
108-1081870-2415 - Strukturno-funkcionalna glikolipidomika moždanog razvitka i maligne alteracije (Željka Vukelić, )

Ustanove
Medicinski fakultet, Zagreb